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Text. Where To Go And What To See In Kyiv.

1.Read and say what new things youve learned from the text.

Khreshchatyk, the beautiful many-faced, brightly-lit main street of Kyiv, hasnt always been like this. Originally it was Khreshchata Dolyna covered with forests and ravines. At the beginning of the 19th century the first wooden houses were built there, later stone buildings were erected. Practically all of them were ruined during the Great Patriotic War but later were restored by the Kyivites. The street leads to Independence Square, the main square of Kyiv which now together with Khreshchatyk, is the favourite place for entertainment for the citizens and guests of the city.

Museum lovers will find hundreds of beautiful exhibits in the Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts whose 21 galleries contain valuable collections of Ukrainian icons, pictures and sculptures from the 14th to the 20th century, including some works by TarasShevchenko. Hisother paintings, manuscripts and personal belongings can be found in the Taras Shevchenko State Museum in Shevchenko Boulevard and in the museum in Kanev, his burial place. Another rich collection of pictures and sculptures can be seen in the Russian Arts Museum, which is the third largest after those of Moscow and St. Petersburg.

Theatre-goers will never be bored in Kyiv as there are theatres to all tastes: the Taras Shevchenko National Opera and Ballet House with wonderful singers and dancers, the Ivan Franko Ukrainian Drama Theatre, the Lesya Ukrainka Drama Theatre, the Tchaikovsky Conservatory, the Kyiv Philharmonic Society, the Musical Drama Theatre and many others, all with wonderful highly-professional performers.

Wherever you go in Kyiv, you will see either a beautiful old building or a monument, a green park or an amazingly decorated church it is so full of places of interest that its difficult to name even half them.

The present and the past live side by side in Kyiv, and both lovers of history and people who are interested in the contemporary life of the capital, will find something to their taste in the busy streets of Kyiv.

2.Answer the questions:

1.Which of Kyivs theatres would you like to go to and why?

2.Which of Kyivs museums do you want to visit? Why?

3.Which part of Kyiv are you interested in more: the old or the modern one?

4.If you go to Kyiv, will you visit Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra? Yes/No? Why?

5.Would you like to go down the Dnieper by boat as far as Kanev? Yes/No? Why?

3.Complete this letter.

Dear Mum!

Im writing from Kyiv, the c______of Ukraine. We are staying in a large hotel on Khreshchatyk street. This is the m_____ street of the c______.

Kyiv looks like a l_____ park with its beautiful greenery and trees.

Yesterday we met some really friendly people who took us to round Kyiv s______ tour. We visited the L_______ Monastery. The c________ of this monastery are really unique. We saw the M________ P_______ and the G_______ G_______. We went to the M_______ D_______ Theatre. Its p_______ are highly-professional.

We were impressed by great number of c________ and ch_______. They r_____d that Kyiv is the centre of Orthodox Church.

So we are having a lovely time.

See you when I get back. Miss you.

Dan.

4.Tell your friends about your (imaginary) visit to Kyiv.

TALKING POINTS

1.Read, translate and dramatise the following dialogues.

1.

- Is it possible to see anything of Kyiv in a day or two?

- Well, yes, but of course, not half enough.

- What do you think I ought to see first?

- Well, if you are interested in churches and historical places, you should go to the Church of St. Andrew, St. Sophias Cathedral, Golden Gates and Volodymyr Cathedral. Do you like museums?

- Rather.

- Then why not go to the Taras Shevchenko State Museum?

- I am told one ought to see the Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts. Do you think I shall have time for that?

- Well, you might, but I would recommend you to leave that for some other day. You could spend a whole day there. Its much too big to be seen in an hour or so.

2.

- Since I dont leave until tomorrow evening I have almost two days for doing the tour. What would you recommend me to see first of all?

- If youre interested in architecture you shouldnt fail to see the Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra in the first place. Its an architectural monument of the 17-th century. Then St. Sophias Cathedral in St. Sophia square and Andriyvska Church which is not far from it are certainly worth seeing, too.

- What else should I see?

- Youve never been to Kyiv, have you? Then I advise you to take a walking tour of the Dnieper slopes. They are very picturesque.

- I heard a lot about the Dnieper slopes and Kyiv parks. Unfortunately, Im too short of time to see them all.

3.

- Excuse me. Is this the right way to Khreshchatyk?

- Yes, go straight ahead for two blocks and then turn left. Youll see a cinema there. You cant miss it. Take the next turning on the right and youll find yourself in Khreshchatyk.

- How long will it take me to get there?

- Its no distance at all, say, 15 minutes walk from here. You could get there by trolley-bus, but its hardly worth it.

- Thank you very much.

- Its nothing.

2.Fill in the missing parts of the dialogues.

1.

- I am going to stay in your city for a couple of days. What should I see in the first place?

-

- Yes, I, too, was going to start sightseeing with the centre. What would you recommend me to see?

-

- How do I get there?

2.

- What are your plans for Saturday?

-

- Lets do the sights. They say the town is famous for many places of interest.

-

- Well start with the Golden Gates. Well get there by bus.

-

- Its only a few blocks from there. Well visit it too. What else are you interested in?

-

3.

-

- Its three blocks from here. Cross the street, turn right and walk straight. You cant miss it.

-

- Yes, you can, but its hardly worth it. Its only about 10 minutes walk from here.

-

- Its nothing.

3.Speak on the following situations:

1.Tell the tourist what he (she) should see in Kyiv.

2.Speak with your friend about the main sights of our capital.

3.Discuss with your friends your last visit to Kyiv.

UNIT 13

Grammar: The Obligue Moods. The Synthetic and Analytical forms. Topic: Agriculture of Sumy Region Reading:Text. Successful Farming Depends on the Soil. Talking Points

GRAMMAR

1.The Obligue Moods. The Synthetical and Analytical Forms

The function of the obligue moods is to represent something in the speakers mind not as a real fact, but as a wish, purpose, supposition, doubt or condition problematic or contrary to fact. There are four obligue moods in Modern English, of which two are synthetical and two analytical.

The synthetical moods are Subjunctive I and Subjunctive II.

The analytical moods are the Conditional and Suppositional.

 

 

Mood Tense Formation Meaning Example Translation
Subjunctive I - V (Infinitive without to) an action as proble-matic, but not as contradic-ting reality He de-mands that we be present. ³ , .
Subjunctive II present Ved (2) (were for all persons) an action as contrary to reality I wish he were with us. , .
past had Ved(3) If he had been in town yesterday, he would have come. , .
Suppositional present     should V an action as proble-matic, but not contra-dicting reality I suggested that he should meet her. - , .
past should haveVed(3)
Conditional present should / would V unreal action I should call on him but I have very little time. , .
Past should/would haveVed(3) She would have bought a watch but the shop was closed. , .

 

2.The Use of Subjunctive Mood in Simple Sentences

a) Smb had better + V. It means strong advice.

e.g. You had better go there again. .

You had better not tell her about it. .

b) Smb would rather + V. It means preference. (I prefer)

e.g. I would rather gothere again. .

) If only (oh, if) smb + Ved (II). It means regret or strong unreal wish.

e.g. If only he cametomorrow. , .

Oh, if it were not so hot now. , .

d) in slogans, wishes, imprecations, set expressions.

e.g. Long live the Army! !

Be it so! !

EXERCISES

1.Translate into Ukrainian.

1.Be you lucky.2. He would come to see you.3. The horse would drink the water.4. I should buy this dress.5. The girls would plant the flowers.6.The car would pass this building.7. The vase would be put on the table.

2.Translate into English.

1. . 2. . 3. . 4. ³ . 5. ! 6. . 7.ij .

3.Answer the following questions as in the models.

M O D E L: Suppose you want to buy a book. Where would you go? I should go to a book- store.

I.1.Suppose the ice is still very thin on the river. Would you skate on it? Why? 2.Suppose you must be in Kyiv in the shortest time possible. Would you go there by train or by plane? 3.Suppose tomorrow is your friends birthday. What would you buy for him as a present? 4.Suppose the weather is fine tomorrow. What would you do after classes?

M O D E L:Suppose you wanted to see a film yesterday. Where would you have gone? I should have gone to the cinema.

II.1.Suppose you were very busy last night .Would you have watched television? 2.The other day the librarian offered me a popular science book and a novel. What would you have chosen? 3.Yesterday I could go to the theatre or to the cinema. What would you have done in my place? 4.Last summer I could spend my holidays in the Crimea or in the Carpathians. Where would you have gone in my place? 5. Suppose you had dinner in the dining-room yesterday. Would you have taken cutlets or fried fish for the second course?

4.Translate into Ukrainian.

1.He had better take the metro. 2.I think I had better go to bed. 3.They had better try their luck another time. 4.We had better start at once. 5.You had better take a couple of aspirins and try to sleep. 6.She had better see a doctor about it. 7.You had better not tell her about it. 8.He had better wait here.

5.Translate into English.

1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. .

6.Advise your friend:

to get this book from the library; to look after his/her sick cousin; to visit some historic places in that town; to rest an hour or so before doing this job; not to look for this book in the bookcase; to look about before crossing the street.

7.a)Translate into Ukrainian.

1.Im sure they would much rather have some sandwiches to eat on the way. 2.Shes not at all musical. Shed much rather see a good film. 3.She hates to be in peoples way. Shed much rather stay at a hotel. 4.Would you rather stay at home tonight? 5.The weather is so fine. Id rather walk at least part of the way.

b)Paraphrase the sentences using I would rather/sooner do smth.

1.You prefer not to put off this job but to do it right away. 2.You choose not to get this book from the library but to buy it. 3.You prefer not to go on an excursion to Kyiv but to have your holiday in the countryside. 4.You choose not to stay at home but to go to a holiday camp. 5.You prefer not to go to the sea but to have a walking holiday. 6.You prefer not to have a cup of coffee but some milk.

c)Translate into English.

1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. . 6. .

8.a)Translate into Ukrainian.

1.If only your mother could see you now. 2.If only he gave me a job. 3.Oh, if I had this chance. 4.If only someone had warned me. 5.Oh, if it did not rain. 6.Oh, if you had never gone there. 7.If only I were young again. 8.If only we found a taxi. 9.Oh, if she had taken my advice. 10.If only you realized how important it is.

b)Express your wish.

1.Your friend did not get the telegram and did not meet you. You wish she had got your telegram.

2.You dont know Italian and cant act as an interpreter. You wish to know this language.

3.Your friend did not let you know about her arrival and you did not see her. You wish she had let you know about it.

4.It is autumn now. You wish it to be spring now.

5.You friend did not warn you about the danger and you got into trouble. You wish he had warned you about it.

6.You did not know about the meeting and did not attend it. You wish you had known about it.

c)Translate into English.

1., . 2., . 3., . 4., . 5., . 6. . 7. . 8. .

TOPIC

Topical Vocabulary.

1.Remember the following words and word combinations:

to fulfill raw materials processing industry maize sunflower millet cultivation crop rotation joint stock company soil tillage pest and disease control weed bee-keeping transition sufficient equal developed internal market ,

2.Read and translate paying attention to the active words and word combinations.

AGRICULTURE IN SUMY REGION.

Sumy region is situated in the north-east of Ukraine. Its area is 25,800 square kilometers. Steppes and plains compose the most part of Sumy region territory. The topsoils are mainly black. They are the biggest treasure of our land. Thats why agriculture is one of the most important elements in the regions economy. This sector provides the basis for fulfilling the most basic social needs of the people. It also has a great potential for further development as a source of raw materials for regional-based food processing industry.

In Sumy region they grow sugar beet, winter wheat, winter rye, spring barley, buckwheat, millet, maize, sunflower, potatoes and other vegetables.

In field crop cultivation special attention is paid to correct crop rotation, improvement of soil tillage, the use of organic and mineral fertilizers, timely weed, pest and disease control. Another important branch of farm production in the region is animal husbandry. Animal farms specialize in meat-dairy cattle raising, poultry farming, fishing. Bee-keeping is being developed. Much work is done on the improvement of animal breeds.

The territory of Sumy region is well-supplied with water resources. The principal rivers are the Desna, the Psel, the Sula, the Seim, the Vorskla. About 15 per cent of the area is covered with forests. Natural resources are sufficient for creating a developed internal market and becoming an equal partner in the world market. Since 1990 market reforms in the agricultural complex have been progressing steadily. Responding to the decree of the President, all collective agricultural enterprises have been dissolved and reorganized into private joint stock companies. This privatization activity is expected to stimulate the development of the basic production sector. No doubt, the transition to a market economy requires a relatively long period of time. But there is every reason to believe that our country will quickly enter the family of Europes leading countries.

3.Answer the questions.

1.What is the biggest treasure of our region?

2.What do they grow in Sumy region?

3.What do animal farms specialize in?

4.What natural resources is Sumy region well-supplied with?

5.What changes have taken place in agriculture since 1990?

4.Match the words in A with their synonyms or explanations in B.

A B

1)plain a)livestock

2)to compose b)chiefly

3)mainly c)personal

4)to provide d)to make up

5)to fulfill e)making better

6)improvement f)to supply

7)animal husbandry g)flat territory

8)private h)to carry out

5.Fill in the appropriate word.

Sumy region is situated in the north-east of Ukraine. Its main treasure is . Thats why agriculture is the most important branch in the region . Agriculture is a source of raw material for industry. Another branch of farm production is animal . Meat-dairy cattle raising, , fishing, bee-keeping are being developed. The territory of Sumy region is well-supplied with . About 15 per cent of the area is covered with . To improve the development of agriculture in the region collective enterprises have been reorganized into . We hope that in the nearest future Ukraine will become one of the countries in Europe.

_______________________________________________

private joint stock companies, black soil, important, economy, poultry farming, husbandry, food processing, forests, water resources, leading

6.Speak about the perspectives in the agriculture of Sumy region.

7. Speak on the topic using the topical vocabulary.

READING

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