THE UNITED KINGDOM.Geographic Location



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studying year, I term

1 (2) Theme Geographical position of Great Britain



THE UNITED KINGDOM.Geographic Location

The official name of the country we usually call England and occasionally Great Britain is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom is situated on the group of islands lying just off the mainland of northwestern Europe. The British Isles include Great Britain, Ireland and a number of smaller islands. The total area of the British Isles is 325,000 square km. Many ages ago the British Isles formed a part of the continent. The rocky highlands of Scotland, for example, resemble the Norwegian coast. Another evidence that the islands were the part of the continent is the shallow ness of the water between them and the mainland. Now Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel, the narrowest part of which is called the Strait of Dover. The British Isles are surrounded by the shallow waters of the Irish Sea and the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea, the North Channel and the Atlantic Ocean. There are wild desolate mountains in the northern Highlands of Scotland. The Pennine Range in northern England and the Cambrian Mountains in Wales are much lower. The rivers of the region are short and of no great importance as waterways. The longest of them is the Father of London, the Thames, which is a little over 200 miles. Britains principal ports are London, Liverpool,Manchester and Glasgow. They have splendid harbors, for the coast line is very indented. Owing to the shape of the country, any point in Great Britain is no more than 70 miles from the sea.


The Geographical Position of Great Britain

There are two large islands and several smaller ones, which lie in the north-west coast of Europe. Collectively they are known as the British Isles. The largest island is called Great Britain. The smaller one is called Ireland. Great Britain is separated from the continent by the English Channel. The country is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Great Britain is separated from Belgium and Holland by the North Sea, and from Ireland by the Irish Sea. In the British Isles there are two states. One of them governs of the most of the island of Ireland. This state is usually called the Republic of Ireland. The other state has authority over the rest of the territory. The official name of this country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. But it is usually known by a shorter name The United Kingdom. The total area of Great Britain is 244,000 square km. They say that the British love of compromise is the result of the countrys physical geography. This may or may not be true, but it certainly true that the land and climate in Great Britain have a notable lack of extremes. The mountains in the country are not very high. It doesnt usually get very cold in the winter or very not in the summer. It has no active volcanoes, and an earth tremos which does no more than rattle teacups in a few houses which is reported in the national news media. The insular geographical position of Great Britain promoted the development of shipbuilding, different trading contacts with other countries.


Active Words and Word Combinations:


situated -


islands -

coast -



desolate - ,


British Isles

to govern ,

to rattle ,


earth tremos -

to be separated

insular -



Questions to the text 1


1. What is the official name of the country we call Great Britain?

2. Is United Kingdom situated on the mainland?

3. What are the evidences that the Islands were part of the continent?

4. What is the Strait of Dover?

5. What are the British Isles surrounded by?

6. Are there any rivers in that region?

7. What are main ports of Britain?



Questions to the text 2


1 .Where is Great Britain situated?

2.What is the total area of Great Britain?

3.What is the official name of this country?

4.s Great Britain a mountainous country?

5.Whats the result of the countrys physical geography?



Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

2 (3). Theme London




London is the capital of Great Britain its political, economic and cultural center. It is one of the largest cities in the worlds. Its population is more than 11 million people. London is situated on the river Thames. The cty is very old and beautiful. It was founded more than two thousand years ago.

Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, the West End, the East End and Westminster. The City is the oldest part of London., its financial and business center. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange.

Westminster is the most important part of the capital. Its the administrative centre. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. Its a very beautiful building with two towers and a very big clock called Big Ben. Big Ben is really the bell, which strikes every quarter of an hour. Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey. Its a very beautiful church built over 900 years ago. The tombs of many great statesmen, scientists and writers are there.

To the west of Westminster is West End. Here we find most of the big shops, hotels, museums, art galleries, theatres and concert halls. Piccadilly Circus is the heart of Londons West End. In the West End there are wide streets with heautifiul houses and many parks, gardens and squares.

To the east of Westminster is the East End, an industrial district of the capital. There are no parks or gardens in the East End and you cant see many fine houses there. Most of the plants and factories are situated there.

London has many places of interest. One of them is Buckingham Palace. Its the residence of the Queen. The English are proud of Trafalgar Square, which was named so in memory of the victory at the bathe. There in 1805 the English fleet defeated the fleet of France and Spain. The last place of interest I should like to mention, is the British Museum, the biggest museum in London. The museum is famous for its library - one of the richest in the world.

All Londons long-past history is told by its streets. There are many streets in London, which are known all over the world Among them Oxford Street, Downing Street and a lot of others can be mentioned. And tourists are usually attracted not only by the places of interest but by the streets too.

In conclusion I should say if you are lucky enough to find yourself in London some day you will have a lot to see and enjoy there



Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

2.(4) Theme Climate of Great Britain



studying year, I term

3(5). Theme Political system of Great Britain




The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy. The Queen is the head of state. But according to the constitution, power in the country belongs to Parliament. The monarch can only reign with the support of Parliament. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons. They meet only on symbolic occasions, such as the opening of Parliament. In reality, the House of Commons has true power. New bills are introduced and debated here. If the majority of the members are in favour of a bill it goes to the House of Lords to be debated and then to the Queen for signing. Only then it becomes law. The House of Commons is made up of 650 elected members (MPs). They are elected by the people at a general election. Parliamentary elections must be held every five years. There are four political parties in Great Britain the Conservative, the Liberal, the Labour and the Communist Parties. The political parties choose candidates in elections. The party, which wins the majority of seats, forms the Government. Its leader usually becomes the Prune Minister. The largest minority party becomes the Opposition. The majority party runs the country.The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from his party and they form Cabinet of Minister. Each minister is responsible for a particular area of government. The leader of the Opposition chooses MPs too. They are responsible for opposing the government. They form the Shadow Cabinet . The Conservative and Liberal parties are the oldest. Since 19th century they were the only parties elected to the House of Commons. The members of the House of Lords are not elected.

Parliament in London is responsible for deciding national policy, but many public are provided by local governments. They are responsible for organizing such services as education, libraries, police and others.


Active Words and Word Combinations:

head of state -

power -

bill ( )

majority -

election -

to vote -

to win -

to depend on -


to be responsible for - -

shadow ,

agreement -


Answer the following questions:

1. What kind of country is the United Kingdom?

2. Who is the head of state?

3. What Houses does the British Parliament consist of?

4. Who has true power in the country?

5. When does a bill become law?

6. How many elected members are there in the Houses of Commons?

7. How many political parties are there in Great Britain?

8. Which party forms the government?

9. Who forms Cabinet of Ministers?

10. How is the Shadow Cabinet formed?

II.What is Parliament responsible for?

12. When are Parliamentary elections held?

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

3(6). Theme Natioal symbols of Great Britain



studying year, I term

4(7,8). Theme Geographical position of Ukraine




Ukraine is a sovereign state with its own territory and its bodies of state power and government. It also has national emblem: state flag and anthem. Ukraine proclaimed its independence on August 24, 1991, and confirmed this status on December 1st of the same year.The country is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe. It covers the area of 604,000 square kilometers. The territory of Ukraine consists of the Autonomy Republic of Crimea and 24 regions. Ukraine is inhabited by people belonging to more than 110 ethnic groups. The population of Ukraine is nearly 50 million people. It borders on Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west and on Romania and Moldova in the southwest. Its northern neighbor is Byelarus, the eastern one is Russia.The territory of Ukraine is mostly flat, and mountains make up only 5% of its territory. There are the Carpathian Mountains in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the south. The climate of Ukraine is moderate.

The main rivers of Ukraine are the Dnipro, the Dnister, the Buh and Donets and others. The Dnipro is the main river in the country.lts one of the longest rivers in the world. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the sea of Azov and has such important ports as Odesa, Mariupol, Mykolaiv, Kherson.The geographical position of Ukraine is favourable, because the country lies on the crossroad of the ways from Asia to Europe.Like any other country in the world Ukraine has big cities; among them are Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine; Kharkiv, which used to be the capital of Ukraine and now its an important industrial and cultural centre; Donetsk is a coal-mining and chemical centre; Odesa is a big sea-port; Lviv is a large scientific and cultural centre and a lot of others. Due to favourable climatic conditions, Ukraine is traditionally an agricultural country. Wheat and corns, all kinds of fruit are grown here. The country is rich in national resources, such as iron ore,coal, gas. It produces planes, ships, lorries, buses, TV and radio-sets, and other goods.


Active Words and Word Combinations:






to lay on the crossroad



I . What is the national emblem of Ukraine?

2. Where does the country situated?

3. By what seas is Ukraine washed?

4. What national resources is the country rich in?

5. Which countries does it border on?

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

5(9). Theme Kyiv the capital of Ukraine




Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine.It has a long history and this makes Kyiv stand out among other cities. In 1982, its 1500th anniversary we celebrated in the country. It was called The Mother of All Russian Cities. Kyiv bears the name of prince Kyi.Kyiv is the seat of the Supreme Court and Cabinet of Ministers. Its population is about 3 million. Kyiv occupies an area of 790 square kilometers. The city lies on both banks of the Dnipro.

Kyiv is the largest centre of national culture. A lot of concert-halls, fifteen museums, palaces of culture,film studios,the circus make Kyiv a large cultural centre in Ukraine.The Shevchenko Opera and Ballet House, the Kyiv Franko Drama Theatre are well-known all over the world. Museum of Books and Book Printing, museums devoted to dramatic and film art, memorial museums devoted to outstanding personalities are situated in Kyv.

Kyiv is also one of the biggest scientific centers. The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and many research institutes are famous for its discoveries. More than 10.000 students study at the Shevehenko National University There are over 20 higher educational establishments in Kyiv.Kyiv is famous for its beauty, for its wonderful broad avenues, lots of chestnut trees and flowers all over the city. A remarkable feature of our time is that people travel a lot. Those who are fond of visiting historical and cultural places usually dwell their choice on ancient cities. The older the city is the more places of interes it has. Thats why Kyiv is quite an interesting place from this view point. Tourists are attracted by numerous places of interest in Kyiv. They are Kyivo Pecherska Lavra, St. Sophia s Cathedral, the Golden Gate, the monuments to T. G. Shevchenko, the great poet of Ukraine, to Bohdan Khmelnytsky and Prince Volodymyr. Kyiv has a well developed industry. Its factories and plants produce sea and river transport vessels, air liners, computers, motorcycles, consumer goods.


Active Words and Word Combinations:

to bear the name


to devote


to dwell


vessel ,

consumer goods


1. Whose name does Kyiv bear?

2. Where does the city lie?

3. Is science paid much attention to in Kyiv?

4. Is Kyiv culture or science centre?

5. Say a few words about the cultural places in Kyiv.


Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

5(10). Theme The climate of Ukraine




The climate of Ukraine is moderate. Summer is hot and dry with occasionally rains and thunderstorms. Winter is rather mild without severe frosts but with snowfalls everywhere. The rivers and lakes freeze in winter. Ukraine is rather a big country, thats why its climate is different in various regions of it. Of course, the hottest region is in the South. In the central part of the country the climate is moderate and continental. The climate of the territory along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov is warmer. The Crimean and the Carpathian mountains protect the country from winds. The coldest part is that in the North and in the North-east.And now lets characterize every season of the year in our country in general. Autumn is warm at the beginning but later It gets colder, it often rains. Winter sets in December with its cold and heavy snowfalls and winds. The average temperature is about 15-20 degrees below zero. But it often happens that winters are mild and rainy and this is the most unpleasant time. In spring the weather is changeable. It may be cold and windy, sunny and rainy on one and the same day. In summer temperature is about 25-30 degrees above zero. The warmest months are July and August. They say the climate in Ukraine like anywhere else, is getting milder with every counting year. In the last few years all the scientists agree that something very serious is happening to the climate and weather of Ukraine and the whole world. It depends on many reasons.

Active Words and Word Combinations:


occasional ( )

thunderstorm -


they say


1. The climate of Ukraine is moderate, isnt it?

2. Where is the hottest region of Ukraine?

3. Is the climate of Ukraine getting milder?

4. On what reasons does it depend on ?

5. Describe the seasons of the year in general.


Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

6(11). Theme The political system of Ukraine



studying year, I term

6(12). Theme Holidays in Ukraine



Ukrainian Tradition

As each country in the world Ukraine is rich in its national traditions. Some of them are common in the world and some of them are uncommon. First of all we celebrate our Independence Day on the 24th of August. To my mind, this holiday is young because my country as an independent one is very young too. Its only eighteen years old. But in future, I think it will be a big holiday. Id like to tell you about some old traditions in my country. They are Easter and Christmas. My people began to celebrate these holidays since the baptizing of Kyivska Rus in 988 by Prince Volodyrnyr. We celebrate Easter in spring, according to the Julian calendar thats why it doesnt coinside with the western world. This holiday is always in April or at the beginning of May. Easter symbolizes the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Everybody makes cakes so called pasha and dye eggs. Easter cakes are sold at every backery, but home-made ones are always much tastier. All the provision must be baptized in the church early in the morning. Another holiday is Christmas. We mark it on the 7th of January. In Europe and in theUSA its celebrated in December. On Christmas people celebrate the birth of JesusChrist. There are some dates and events in the life of our country that are memorable to every Ukrainian citizen. The most memorable date is the Victory Day which is kept on the 9th of May. On this day the anniversarv of the victory over fascism in Second World War is celebrated. There is one more holiday which is loved by children and adults. This is New Years Eve. People decorate New year trees with toys and lights and all people are given presents. On the New Year night people dont sleep, they visit their friends or just stay at home and watch TV.

These are national holiday, people dont work on these days. As for me, I like to celebrate these days


studying year, I term

7 (13,14). Theme text Control

Write the topic Relative characteristic of Great Britain and Ukraine, paying attention for the next data: area, population, culture, science, place of interest, climate, geographical position and development.

  Great Britain Ukraine
place of interest    
geographical position    



Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

8 (15,16) Theme British-Ukrainian relations



studying year, I term

1 (1-2). Theme Travelling





Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they travel to enjoy picturesque places or just for a change of scene. It is alwas interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms. Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time viting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City- dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk, bathe, and laze in the sun.

Most travellers and holiday-makers take a camera with them and take pictures of

everything that interests them the sights of a city, old churches and castles, views of mountains, lakes, valleys, plains, waterfalls, forests; different kinds of trees, flowers and plants, animals and birds. Later, perhaps years later, they will be reminded by the photos of the happy time thes have had. People travel by train, by plane, by boat and by car.

All means of travel have their advantages and disadvantages. And people choose one according to their plans and destinations. If we are fond of travelling, we see and learn a lot of things that we can never see or learn at home, though we may read about them in books and newspapers, and see pictures of them on TV. The best way to study geography is to travel, and the best way to get to know and understand the people is to meet them in their own homes.


Active Words and Word Combinations:


change of scene ,

to take pictures of

sight -




to remind -

city-dweller ,

to laze in the sun ,

holiday-maker , ,

valley -




1. Are you fond of travelling?

2 Men have travelled ever since they first appeared on earth. Why do people travel?

3. Why do people take a camera with them? What do they usually photograph?

4. What do we see and learn while travelling?

5. How do different people spend their holidays?

6. What means of travel do you know? What are their advantages and disadvantages?

7. What places have you visited?

8. Have you ever taken a holiday cruise along the Black Sea coast or down the Volga?

9. Some people prefer to travel on their own and hate travelling in a group. What about you?

10. What countries would you like to visit?

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

1(3),(3-4). Theme Businness travelling



studying year, I term

(4-5). Theme Travelling




On the twelfth of November the group safely leaves the Sheremetievo airport and flies to London. They have seats in different compartments, for smokers and non-smokers, and in different rows. Practically they all have English speaking neighbours.

Here are a few extracts of their talks:

It's a very nice plane, isn't it?

Oh, yes, quite comfortable. By the way, is smoking allowed here?

Why, certainly. It's a smoking compartment.

Have you got a lighter by any chance, please? Mine does not seem to work.

Yes, here you are.

Thank you.

You are welcome.

Excuse me, what's the time please?

It's a quarter past ten.

It's Moscow time, isn't it?

Oh yes. If you want London time, then ... let me see ... the difference is three hours.

I see, it's now a quarter past seven, London time.

By the way do you know when we arrive in London?

The steward says the flight is three hours forty minutes long. What time will it be? Oh, about eleven o'clock, London time.

Then I'll adjust my watch in London.

So shall I.

Excuse me, may I have your newspaper please.

Yes,certainly. Here you are.

Thank you... Excuse my curiosity, are you Russian?

Yes, I am. I'm going to London on a short stay.

Are you a tourist then?

No, I'm going to England for some training as a businessman.

You speak very fluent English.

I'm learning English after my office hours. There are many Russian businessmen who are learning English.

Good for you. But we Englishmen are lazy. Not many of us speak foreign languages.

I like your self-criticism.

Words and expressions

thirteen [,Tý'tÖn] (.)
to travel  
travelling (traveling)   ,
twelfth   (.)
on the twelfth of November   12-
tony   ( )
the group flies   ( )
compartment [k@m'p¸tm@nt] , , , ,
to smoke  
to allow  
Is smoking allowed here?   ?
-Have you got a lighter, please?   ?
row [rou]
neighbour ['neIb@]
extract ['ekstr{kt]
comfortable ['kömf@t@bl] ,
by the way  
by any chance  
to excuse  
Excuse me,   ,
What's the time, please?   ?
It's a quarter past ten   10.15.
Let me see.   . .
difference ['dIfr@ns]
to arrive  
to arrive in London/Britain in Moscow / Russia   // /
steward [stju@d]
forty   (.)
The flight is three hours long.   .
to adjust [@'³öst] . ,
I shall adjust my watch in London  
- So shall I.  
newspaper ['njüs"peIp@]
May I have your newspaper, please?   ?
curiosity [,kju@rI'osItI]
Excuse my curiosity.   .
fluent [flu@nt]
syn.to speak fluent English   -
to speak English fluently    
to learn  
There are many businessmen who ...   , ...
Good for you.  
not many of us  
language ['l{Îgwi³]



1. Read the following:


on the twelfth

leaves the Sheremetievo airport

They have seats in different compartments.

They all have English speaking neighbours.

What's the time, please?

The difference is three hours.

The steward says the flight is about three hours.

2. Underline the sentences true to the text:

The group leaves Moscow on the twelfth of October.

They leave Moscow on the twentieth of October.

They leave Moscow on the first of October.

They have seat in the same compartment.

They have seats in different compartments.

The text says nothing about it.

There are no Englishmen in the plane.

There is only one Englishman on board the plane.

There are rather many Englishmen on board.

Smoking is allowed in every compartment of that plane.

Smoking is not allowed in that plane.

Smoking is allowed only in one of the compartments of the plane.

The flight is exactly three hours long.

The flight is about two hours long.

The flight is about four hours long.

One of the Russians gets a compliment for his fluent English from a Frenchman.

He get a compliment for his fluent English from an American.

He get a compliment for his fluent English from an Englishman.

3. Underline the verbs in the following sentences. Translate the sentences into Russian:

They are flying to London.

We often fly to Paris.

The passengers are speaking on different topics.

They are speaking English.

Do you speak English?

Some passengers are smoking.

I don't smoke. I don't like smoking.

Smoking is not allowed here.

It's not a smoking compartment.

Some passengers are reading newspapers and magazines.

Do you sometimes read books in English?

There are many Russian businessmen who are learning English.

My friend is also learning English.

I know that my colleagues are learning French.

I don't know what foreign language Michael is learning.

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

2 (5-6),(6),(9-10). Theme text Customs



Customs, customs service.

Nowadays travelling abroad is very popular. Some people prefer to travel by plane, especially businessmen, because its the fastest means of transportation. Those who are not short of time usually travel by train or by ship. It takes more time but gives the opportunity to see the country you travel through, its picturesque landscapes and nature.

While travelling abroad you have to go through customs, sometimes several times.

As a rule the customs officers check your passports and visas if they are required. When coming to some countries you may need a health certificate or a certificate of vaccination. If you have anything to declare, then you are to fill in the declaration form.

The customs officers may ask you to show your luggage to them. Usually articles for personal use and wear and also used items and gifts are not liable to duty anywhere. If you are carrying much currency you should also declare it. If you are carrying weapons you need a permit. Although some items are liable to duty, if you carry only a small amount of them, they are duty free.

Occasionally the customs officers may take some of your things for a more detailed inspection but usually they return them soon.

Do not try to break the customs rules and regulations because you may have a lot of troubles.


Active Words and Word Combinations:


on business ,


passport controle

the luggage


health certificate

certificate of vacinations a

declaration form

liable to duty ,



to declare



inspection ,


Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

(6-7), Theme text Customs






When the plane arrives at the Heathrow airport the passengers get out of the plane and go into the building of the airport. After passing along endless corridors they get to the passport control point called Immigration. There are two gates. One is for passengers from EC (European Community) countries. And the other gate is for passengers from all other countries. After queuing up for some time Mr. Lvov and the group come up to the queue marshal who signals what officer is free. And each person goes to the counter indicated.

Here is a typical talk between the English Immigration officer and a Russian businessman:

Russian: Good morning.

Officer: Good morning, sir. May I see your passport and landing card, please?

Russian: Certainly. Here you are.

Officer: Thank you.... What's the reason for your visit to the UK?

Russian: I'm on a business tour to attend a training programme.

Officer: And how long are you staying here?

Russian: A week or so.

Officer: Have you got a return ticket?

Russian: Yes, certainly. Here is my ticket.

Officer: May I see the invitation of the company who will receive you here?

Russian: Just a minute I'll ask our Group Leader to present it .... Here is the invitation.

Officer: Thank you .... Everything is OK. Here is your passport, ticket and the invitation.

Some Russian businessmen have difficulty in speaking with the English Immigration officers and answering then questions. Usually English officers do not like strangers to help them with interpreting. In such cases the officers ask their own interpreters for help. Most probably these interpreters are staff members of Immigration. For some Russian businessmen of the group it was the first experience with Englishmen and the only words they could say were:

I am sorry. I do not speak English.

Others could say a few words, like these:

I have come as a businessman for training. I shall stay in England for eight days. I shall stay at Sherlock Holmes hotel in London.


Words and expressions

fourteen [,fþ'tÖn] (.)
control   ,
to get out of  
building ['bIldIÎ]
to pass along a corridor  
point   ,
passport control point  
to be called   ,
gate   ,
European Community  
to queue up ['kjü'ö]
queue marshal  
to signal  
officer   ,
to indicate  
the counter indicated   ()
landing card  
the United Kingdom   / /
(U.K./ UK/ the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)  
to be on a business tour  
to attend  
a week or so  
to ask  
to present   ,
difficulty ['dIfIk@ltI]
to have difficulty in doing something   -
stranger ['streIn³@]
to interpret [In'týprIt] ()
They do not like strangers to help them   ,
most probably  
staff member  
to come   ,
I have come as a businessman    



1. Underline the sentences true to the text:

The plane arrives at the Heathrow airport.

The text does not say at what airport the plane arrives.

The plane arrives at the Gatwick airport.

The passport control point is very close to the entrance into the building of the airport.

The passport control point is not close to the entrance.

The passport control point is called Passports.

The passport control point is called Passport Control.

The passport control point is called Immigration.

There are three gates at the passport control point.

There is only one gate at the passport control point

There are two gates at this point.

There are very few passengers and the group comes to the officers in no time.

There are very many passengers and the Russians have to queue up.

There is only one English officer at the point.

There are two English officers at the passport control point.

There are a few English officers at the point.

When the officer is free he invites another passenger to come.

It is the queue marshal who indicates to the passenger what immigration officer is free.

English Immigration officers usually ask Group Leaders or other Russians for help if they have difficulty in speaking with Russians.

English Immigration officers usually speak Russian.

English Immigration officers usually ask their own interpreters for help when they have difficulties in speaking with Russians.

2. Translate into Russian:

Some Russian businessmen have difficulty in speaking with the English Immigration officers.

They have difficulty in answering questions.

Usually English officers do not like strangers to help them with interpreting.

In such cases the officers ask their own interpieters for help.

Most piobably these interpreteis are staff members of Immigration.

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

2(5-6),(7-8),(8),(11-12). Theme At a passport and customs desk



studying year, I term

3,(7-8), (8-9), (9-10),(13-14)Theme Hotels



At the Hotels

When travelling people almost always stay at a hotels. It is advisable, therefore, to remember the following:

1. The first thing to do is to book a room in advance either by letter, telephone or telegram. Otherwise you may arrive at the hotel and be told that there areno rooms.

2. On arrive at the hotel go to the reception desk in the lobby and confirm your reservation. The clerk will then give you a registration form to fill in and sign .In small hotels you simply sign the visitors book andive your permanent address.

3. At large hotels you may ask for any service by telephone. You tell the operator if you wish to be called at a certain time, you call rooms service when you want a meal or drinks sent up to your room, valet or maid service if you need something cleaned or pressed.

4. Let the hotel management know well in advance the day and time of your departure.



My car reaches the hotel where I want to stay. I get out and go to the hotel office. Here I ask if they can give me an accommodation. Certainly, answers the clerk, we have got several rooms. Would you like a suite or a single room? he continues.

I say that I would like a bed-room with a bathroom attached. The clerk says he can give me such a room on the third floor. I ask about the price of the room. He informs me of the price and soon everything is settled. I hand in my passport, fill in an arrival form and get the key to my room. Next I ask the hotel porter to carry my luggage to the room.

He does as requested. I look at my room. I like it very much. It is very comfortable. I can have a fine rest here. I ring for the chambermaid and inquire about the meals at the hotel restaurant. Next I obtain information about the hairdressers, about where I can have my boots cleaned, about where I can have my linen washed (if there is a laundry service at the hotel), etc. She answers all my questions. There is a lot of time before dinner and so I settle down quietly to rest.


Active Words and Word Combinations:


reseptions desk ,

to arrive ,

to depart


chambermaid -

laundry -

accommodation ,

to book -

in advance -

to confirm -

reservation -

form -

register ( )

to fill in -

to sign -

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

(9-10) Theme Hotels



The Russia hotel

The car has brought Pete, Nick and David to the Russia hotel. Now they are in the lounge of the hotel.

Pete: Just a minute, David. I'll speak to the receptionist. We made a reservation last week... Will you fill in this form, please?

David fills in the form, comes up to the receptionist and hands in the form.

David: Here you are. Is everything all right?

Receptionist: ... Yes, everything is OK... Your room number is five two. Here is your key.

David: Thank you.

Receptionist: You are welcome. Have a nice stay.

David: Thanks.

Pete: David, will you join us for dinner to-night?

David: I'll be glad to.

Pete: Fine. Then we'll meet you here at seven sharp. And, if you don't mind. we shall have dinner at the hotel restaurant. It's not bad at all.

David: Thank you for the invitation. See you later.

Words and expressions

( )

three [TrÖ] (.)
to check in ['tSek'In]
checking in  
to bring [brIÎ] , ,
The car has broiight them to the hotel.     .
now [nau] ,
lounge [laun³]
Just a minute!   !
receptionist [rI'sepS@nIst] , ( )
I'll speak to the receptionist. [,rez@'veISn] .
to make a reservation  
last [l¸st] ,
week [wi:k]
last week  
We made a reservation last week.     .
to fill in  
this [DIs]
form [fþm]
He fills in the form.   .
to come up to  
He comes up to the receptionist.     .
to hand in the form  
He hands in the form.   / .
Here you are.   , .
everything ['evrIDIÎ]
all right ['þl 'raIt]
Is everything all right?   ?
your [jþ]
room [rüm] ,
number ['nömb@]
your room number  
five two ['faIv' ou 'tü]
key [ki:]
You are welcome.   . .
nice [naIs]
stay [steI]
Have a nice stay!   !
to stay   , ,
Thanks. [D{Îks] .
to join [³oIn]
dinner ['dIn@] ,
Will you join us for dinner?   ?
to-night [t@'naIt]
I'll be glad to. = I'D be glad to [gl{d] .
join you.    
fine [faIn]
Fine.   .
then [Den]
We'll meet you.   .
seven ['sev@n] (.)
sharp [S¸p]
at seven sharp   7
to mind [maInd] , -
if [If]
If you don't mind...  

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