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National Emblems of the United Kingdom

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The United Kingdom (abbreviated from The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is the political name of the country which consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Great Britain is the name of the island which is made up of England, Scotland, Wales, whereas the British Isles is the geographical name of all the islands off the north-west coast of the European continent.In everyday speech Britain is used to mean the United Kingdom.

The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Yack, is made up of three crosses. The upright red cross on a white background is the cross of the 1st George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross on a blue background is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland. The red diagonal cross on a white background is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland.

The Welsh flag, called the Welsh dragon, represents a red dragon on a white and green background.

St. Georges Day falls on 23 April and is regarded as Englands national day. On this day some patriotic Englishmen wear a rose pinned to their jackets. A red rose is the national emblem of England from the time of the Wars of the Roses (15th century).

St. Andrews Day (the 30th of November) is regarded as Scotlands national day. On this day some Scotsmen wear a thistle in their buttonhole. As a national emblem of Scotland, thistle apparently first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence. The Order of the Thistle is one of the highest orders of knighthood. It was founded in 1687, and is mainly given to Scottish noblemen (limited to 16 in number).

St. Patricks Day (the 17th of March) is considered as a national day in Northern Ireland and an official bank holiday there. The national emblem of Ireland is shamrock. According to legend, it was the plant chosen by St. Patrick to illustrate the Christian doctrine of the Trinity to the Irish.

St. Davids Day (the 1st of March) is the church festival of St. David, a 6th- century monk and bishop, the patron saint of Wales. The day is regarded as the national holiday of Wales, although it is not an official bank holiday.

On this day, however, many Weishmen wear either a yellow daffodil or a leek pinned to their jackets, as both plants are traditionally regarded as national emblems of Wales.

In the Royal Arms three lions symbolize England, a lion rampant Scotland, and a harp Ireland. The whole is encircled and is supported by a lion and a unicorn. The lion has been used as a symbol of national strength and of the British monarchy for many centuries. The unicorn, a mythical animal that looks like a horse with a long straight horn, has appeared on the Scottish and British royal coats of arms for many centuries, and is a symbol of purity.

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

4(7,8). Theme Geographical position of Ukraine

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXT.

2. RETELL THE TEXT.

Ukraine

Ukraine is a sovereign state with its own territory and its bodies of state power and government. It also has national emblem: state flag and anthem. Ukraine proclaimed its independence on August 24, 1991, and confirmed this status on December 1st of the same year.The country is situated in the south-eastern part of Central Europe. It covers the area of 604,000 square kilometers. The territory of Ukraine consists of the Autonomy Republic of Crimea and 24 regions. Ukraine is inhabited by people belonging to more than 110 ethnic groups. The population of Ukraine is nearly 50 million people. It borders on Poland, Slovakia and Hungary in the west and on Romania and Moldova in the southwest. Its northern neighbor is Byelarus, the eastern one is Russia.The territory of Ukraine is mostly flat, and mountains make up only 5% of its territory. There are the Carpathian Mountains in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the south. The climate of Ukraine is moderate.

The main rivers of Ukraine are the Dnipro, the Dnister, the Buh and Donets and others. The Dnipro is the main river in the country.lts one of the longest rivers in the world. Ukraine is washed by the Black Sea and the sea of Azov and has such important ports as Odesa, Mariupol, Mykolaiv, Kherson.The geographical position of Ukraine is favourable, because the country lies on the crossroad of the ways from Asia to Europe.Like any other country in the world Ukraine has big cities; among them are Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine; Kharkiv, which used to be the capital of Ukraine and now its an important industrial and cultural centre; Donetsk is a coal-mining and chemical centre; Odesa is a big sea-port; Lviv is a large scientific and cultural centre and a lot of others. Due to favourable climatic conditions, Ukraine is traditionally an agricultural country. Wheat and corns, all kinds of fruit are grown here. The country is rich in national resources, such as iron ore,coal, gas. It produces planes, ships, lorries, buses, TV and radio-sets, and other goods.

 

Active Words and Word Combinations:

sovereign

anthem

confirm

moderate

favourable

to lay on the crossroad

 

Ouestions:

I . What is the national emblem of Ukraine?

2. Where does the country situated?

3. By what seas is Ukraine washed?

4. What national resources is the country rich in?

5. Which countries does it border on?

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

5(9). Theme Kyiv the capital of Ukraine

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXT.

2. RETELL THE TEXT.

Kyiv

Kyiv is the capital of Ukraine.It has a long history and this makes Kyiv stand out among other cities. In 1982, its 1500th anniversary we celebrated in the country. It was called The Mother of All Russian Cities. Kyiv bears the name of prince Kyi.Kyiv is the seat of the Supreme Court and Cabinet of Ministers. Its population is about 3 million. Kyiv occupies an area of 790 square kilometers. The city lies on both banks of the Dnipro.

Kyiv is the largest centre of national culture. A lot of concert-halls, fifteen museums, palaces of culture,film studios,the circus make Kyiv a large cultural centre in Ukraine.The Shevchenko Opera and Ballet House, the Kyiv Franko Drama Theatre are well-known all over the world. Museum of Books and Book Printing, museums devoted to dramatic and film art, memorial museums devoted to outstanding personalities are situated in Kyv.

Kyiv is also one of the biggest scientific centers. The Ukrainian Academy of Sciences and many research institutes are famous for its discoveries. More than 10.000 students study at the Shevehenko National University There are over 20 higher educational establishments in Kyiv.Kyiv is famous for its beauty, for its wonderful broad avenues, lots of chestnut trees and flowers all over the city. A remarkable feature of our time is that people travel a lot. Those who are fond of visiting historical and cultural places usually dwell their choice on ancient cities. The older the city is the more places of interes it has. Thats why Kyiv is quite an interesting place from this view point. Tourists are attracted by numerous places of interest in Kyiv. They are Kyivo Pecherska Lavra, St. Sophia s Cathedral, the Golden Gate, the monuments to T. G. Shevchenko, the great poet of Ukraine, to Bohdan Khmelnytsky and Prince Volodymyr. Kyiv has a well developed industry. Its factories and plants produce sea and river transport vessels, air liners, computers, motorcycles, consumer goods.

 

Active Words and Word Combinations:

to bear the name

anniversary

to devote

broad

to dwell

numerous

vessel ,

consumer goods

Qiestions:

1. Whose name does Kyiv bear?

2. Where does the city lie?

3. Is science paid much attention to in Kyiv?

4. Is Kyiv culture or science centre?

5. Say a few words about the cultural places in Kyiv.

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

5(10). Theme The climate of Ukraine

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXT.

2. RETELL THE TEXT.

THE CLIMATE OF UKRAINE

The climate of Ukraine is moderate. Summer is hot and dry with occasionally rains and thunderstorms. Winter is rather mild without severe frosts but with snowfalls everywhere. The rivers and lakes freeze in winter. Ukraine is rather a big country, thats why its climate is different in various regions of it. Of course, the hottest region is in the South. In the central part of the country the climate is moderate and continental. The climate of the territory along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov is warmer. The Crimean and the Carpathian mountains protect the country from winds. The coldest part is that in the North and in the North-east.And now lets characterize every season of the year in our country in general. Autumn is warm at the beginning but later It gets colder, it often rains. Winter sets in December with its cold and heavy snowfalls and winds. The average temperature is about 15-20 degrees below zero. But it often happens that winters are mild and rainy and this is the most unpleasant time. In spring the weather is changeable. It may be cold and windy, sunny and rainy on one and the same day. In summer temperature is about 25-30 degrees above zero. The warmest months are July and August. They say the climate in Ukraine like anywhere else, is getting milder with every counting year. In the last few years all the scientists agree that something very serious is happening to the climate and weather of Ukraine and the whole world. It depends on many reasons.

Active Words and Word Combinations:

moderate

occasional ( )

thunderstorm -

snowfall

they say

Questions:

1. The climate of Ukraine is moderate, isnt it?

2. Where is the hottest region of Ukraine?

3. Is the climate of Ukraine getting milder?

4. On what reasons does it depend on ?

5. Describe the seasons of the year in general.

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

6(11). Theme The political system of Ukraine

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXT.

2. RETELL THE TEXT.

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