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The political system of Ukraine

Ukraine is a sovereign state whose independence was declared on August 24, 1991. Before that it was one of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union.The country has a democratic political system which means that its executive branch is represented by the president with strong powers, and its legislative branch is represented by national parliament. The president who is elected to a five-year term is the commander-in-chief of the military forces and can issue orders called edicts, without the approval of the parliament. The first president of Ukraine was Leonid Kravchuk, whose programme was aimed at the constitution of a new Ukraine with a strong state system, genuine democracy, material well-being of the Ukrainian people and their elevated spiritual awareness.

In 1994 people elected a new president, Leonid Kuchma, and Ukraine entered a new phase of development. In 1999 he was re-elected to a new term of presidency and stated among his main concerns the rapid implementation of crucial economic reforms. Todays president is Victor Jushchenko.

Ukraines parliament, called the Verkhovna Rada (the Supreme Council), is the nations law-making body. It has one chamber consisting of 430 members who are elected by voters at general elections to a five-year term. Every citizen of Ukraine over 18 has the right to vote in the elections. Judicial power of Ukraine is represented by the Supreme Court and the Constitutional Court.

The president is assisted by the Cabinet of Ministers whose responsibilities lie in the areas of foreign affairs, home policy, economy, science and technology, industry, law and humanitarian matters. The Cabinet is headed by the Prime Minister who is appointed by the president and approved by the majority of the Parliament.

In other words, it is possible to say that state power in Ukraine is based on the division of authority into legislative, executive and judicial branches, and Ukraine can be called a country with a parliamentary-presidential form of government.

Administratively Ukraine is divided into 24 regions, called oblasti. Crimea, which is also part of our country, has a special status of an autonomous, self-governing republic. Each region has its local government bodies, which are responsible to the Cabinet of Ministers and the President.

There are a variety of political parties in Ukraine; they currently number more than 60. The most influential are the Social-Democratic Party of Ukraine (united), the Rukh, the Peoples Democratic Party (NDP) and the Socialist Party.

The main trend of foreign policy in Ukraine is to live in peace with the rest of the world community, to cooperate with other countries and participate in European and world structures through membership in the United Nations Organization and other International political, economic an cultural organizations.

 

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

6(12). Theme Holidays in Ukraine

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXTS.

2. RETELL ONE OF THE TEXTS.

Ukrainian Tradition

As each country in the world Ukraine is rich in its national traditions. Some of them are common in the world and some of them are uncommon. First of all we celebrate our Independence Day on the 24th of August. To my mind, this holiday is young because my country as an independent one is very young too. Its only eighteen years old. But in future, I think it will be a big holiday. Id like to tell you about some old traditions in my country. They are Easter and Christmas. My people began to celebrate these holidays since the baptizing of Kyivska Rus in 988 by Prince Volodyrnyr. We celebrate Easter in spring, according to the Julian calendar thats why it doesnt coinside with the western world. This holiday is always in April or at the beginning of May. Easter symbolizes the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Everybody makes cakes so called pasha and dye eggs. Easter cakes are sold at every backery, but home-made ones are always much tastier. All the provision must be baptized in the church early in the morning. Another holiday is Christmas. We mark it on the 7th of January. In Europe and in theUSA its celebrated in December. On Christmas people celebrate the birth of JesusChrist. There are some dates and events in the life of our country that are memorable to every Ukrainian citizen. The most memorable date is the Victory Day which is kept on the 9th of May. On this day the anniversarv of the victory over fascism in Second World War is celebrated. There is one more holiday which is loved by children and adults. This is New Years Eve. People decorate New year trees with toys and lights and all people are given presents. On the New Year night people dont sleep, they visit their friends or just stay at home and watch TV.

These are national holiday, people dont work on these days. As for me, I like to celebrate these days

 

Holidays and Imported Days in Ukraine

The word Holiday comes from the word holy day. Holidays were first religious festivals. Now many holidays have nothing to do with religion. Every country has holidays honoring important events in its history. Every year starts with New Year. Its a very great holiday, when everybody make wishes for a new year; make the new hope to the future. Its everybodys favorite holiday. People get a lot of presents, greetings. March the 8th is a Womens Day. This date was introduced in 1910 by the 2nd International Conference of women-socialists. Nowadays this holiday has lost its political meaning and become just a day when we give presents, flowers, words of gratitude to our mothers, grandmothers, teachers. On March 9th we celebrate the birthday of great Ukrainian poet, writer, artist Taras Shevchenko. Finally his dreams have come true, the Ukraine has become independent. Easter Day comes to the lunar calendar. The day we celebrate Christs rising from death. The holidays comes on Sunday. On May the 9th we celebrate the anniversary of victory over Nazi Germany. On that day people express their thankfulness to veterans of the World War II.

On August, the 24th, Ukrainian independence was proclaimed and new era in Ukrainian history began.

Active Words and Word Combinations:

memorable

Easter

Resurrection

adult

baptizing

Questions:

1. What memorable dates in the history of Ukraine are known to you?

2. Are there any holidays of religious origin?

3. Describe the New Years Eve celebration?

4. When did our people begin to celebrate Easter and Christmas?

5. What other national holidays do you know?

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

7 (13,14). Theme text Control

-

1. Before writing the topic answer the following questions:

1. What is the Ukrainians territory?

2. What is the Great Britains territory?

3. What type of climate has Ukraine?

4. What is the climate of Great Britain?

5. What can you say about geographical features of Ukraine?

6. What is characteristic for physical geography of Great Britain?

7. What kind of power has Great Britain?

8. What can you say about political system of Ukraine?

9. Is Great Britain a high development country?

10. Is Ukraine a culture scientific and economical country?

 

Write the topic Relative characteristic of Great Britain and Ukraine, paying attention for the next data: area, population, culture, science, place of interest, climate, geographical position and development.

  Great Britain Ukraine
area    
population    
culture    
science    
place of interest    
climate    
geographical position    
development    

 

 

Teacher ________________I.S.Kokovihin

studying year, I term

8 (15,16) Theme British-Ukrainian relations

1. READ AND TRANSLATE THE TEXTS.

2. RETELL ONE OF THE TEXTS.

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