Виконання після текстових вправ
11. Where do ladies usually buy perfume?
1. In your opinion, is it boring to go shopping? 12. Have you ever bought jewellery? Do you know
2. Do you believe that shopping is a kind of en- 13. You often buy books, don't you? Where?
3. Do you know a person who is a great fan of sold?
shopping? Who is he (she)? 15. Where do you go if you want to buy some meat?
5. Do you agree that we have to deal with it 16. What can you buy at the grocer's?
6. Where do you usually buy clothes? and fruit?
7. Where are boots and shoes sold? 18. Where are bread and cakes sold?
8. Where can we buy socks or stockings? 19. Where can you buy milk, butter, cheese and
9. Do you know where we can buy buttons, rib- eggs?
bons, lace, tape and so on? 20. Where do you prefer to buy food? Why?
10. Where can we buy cardigans, jumpers, pullo- 21. In your opinion, is it convenient to buy food in
Робота над текстом за профілем спрямування: THE OLYMPIC FLAME
Northwest of Sparta in the city of Olympia rose a beautiful temple' for the worship of Jupiter2, the principal god of the Greeks. This temple was built by Hercules, the great hero. According to the legend Hercules, the son of Jupiter had ordered that a great festival should be held here3 every four years in honour of his divine father. For the purpose of attracting4 all the neighbouring people to the temple of Olympia, Hercules founded many athletic games such as wrestling, stone and spear throwing, foot, horse and chariot races, boxing, swimming and the like. Hercules himself was present at the first of those festivals and acted as an umpire, rewarding the victors by giving them the highest prize5 -crowns of olive leaves. The festival lasted five days and included sacrifices, sports and feasts. A few weeks before the festival three messengers of Jupiter went to all Greek states bidding the people to the contest. The competitors, having registered by a certain date6, were asked to appear before the statue of Jupiter who was represented with a thunderbolt in his right hand as a warning to evildoers 7. Upon sacrificing a pig8 they swore to use no unfair means to secure victory and that they had trained for ten months. As the Spartans were great athletes, they soon took important parts in the Olympic Games, won most of the prizes and claimed the honour of defending9 the temple at Olympia in all times of danger. All the people
coming to Olympia to watch the Games laid some precious offerings before shrines, so that the temple could come to be noted for10 its beauty and wealth. As the Games were held every four years, the people eagerly looked forward to their coming" and soon began to reckon time by them. Even historians used this way of dating12 important events. It was therefore usual to say that such a thing happened in the first, second or third year of the fifth, tenth or seventeenth Olympiad. It must be noted that the decree of that time was that there should be no wars13 during an Olympiad. Although the Olympic Games were probably held before any good record was kept '4, we can trace them back to 716 В. С. These athletic meetings took place regularly until 393 В. C. when the Christian Emperor Theodosius I abolished them on the grounds that15 a festival having a pagan origin was not in keeping with Christian beliefs16.It was only in 1896 that they were revived, and a great festival was held in Athens. The victors received medals and wreaths, but the people did not wear crowns as formerly, nor did they make any sacrifices to the old gods Since then the Games have been held regularly in different countries and have become a wonderful sport tradition which helped to bring peoples closer togetherIS. No Olympic Games can start without the Olympic Flame, the sacred fire brought from the temple in Olympia, which is the symbol of the spirit of friendly competition.
Let this flame burn ever higher throughout the world.
1... rose a beautiful temple- возвышайся красивый храм Это случай полной инверсии. Глагол to rise(подниматься, возвышаться) не следует смешивать с глаголом to raise(поднимать что-л.), например: to raise one's hand, a question. 2 for the worship of Jupiter- для прославления Юпитера
3 . . . had ordered that a great festival should be held- распорядился,чтобы проводилось большое празднество Запомните конструкции с глаголом to order: The commander ordered his men (them) to attack the village.The commander ordered that the village should be attacked. - Командир приказал наступать на село.4 for the purpose of attracting- для привлечения внимания5 acted as an umpire, rewarding ... the highest prize- выступал в качестве судьи, присуждая ... высшую награду'having registered by a certain date- после определения дня выступления7 as a warning to evildoers- как предупреждение грешникам8 Upon sacrificing a pig- После принесения в жертву поросенка9 claimed the honour of defending- заявляли о том, что им принадлежит честь охранять 10 so that the temple could come to be noted for- чтобы храм прославился 11 eagerly looked forward to their coming- с большим нетерпением ожидали их наступления Глагол to look forward относится к группе так называемых составных глаголов: глагол + послелог; наличие послелога изменяет значение глагола. Например: to look«смотреть», to look for«искать», to look after«заботиться», to look through«просматривать», to look out«бать осторожным, беречься, быть настороже», to look forward (to)«ожидать,предвкушать», to look smth. up«искать что-л. в справочнике».12 this way of dating- этот способ датирования13 the decree ... was that there should be no wars- существовало решение (постановление) о том, чтобы не вести никаких военных действий 14 before any good record was kept- до появления какой-либо точной регистрации исторических событий 15 on the ground that- на том основании, что 16 not in keeping with Christian beliefs- не по канонам христианской веры 17 nor did they make any sacrifices- они также не делали никаких
жертво приношений Отрицательный союз nor, начинающий предложение, требует частичной инверсии. Синонимичное предложение - They did not make any sacrifices either. 18 helped (to) bring people closer together- способствуя сближению народов Существительное people в значении «люди» не употребляется во множественном числе, хотя и согласуется с глаголом во множественном числе. Например: There are many people in the canteen now. - В столовой сейчас много народу. Few people usually attend his lecture. - На его лекции обычно присутствует мало людей. Однако в значении «народы», «нации» оно принимает окончание -i.
Words and Word Combinations
risev. подниматься, возвышаться; п. подъем, восход worshipv. поклоняться, почитать;
п. поклонение godп. бог goddessп. богиняspearп. копье, дротик shrineп. гробница
wealthп. багатство wealthyci. (=rich) богатый tracev. проследить; п. след
chariotп. колесница; chariot racesристание на колесницахsacrificev. приносить в жертву; п. жертвоприношениеmessengerп. гонец, посыльныйabolishv. отменять, упразднять abolitionп. отмена, упразднениеpaganа. языческий; п. язичникrevivev. возрождатьChristianа. христианский; п. христианинcrownп. корона, престол; королевская власть, государствоformerlyadv. раньше, преждеthroughoutрг. повсюду, по всему..., во всем .., через весь ...according to- в соответствии сto hold a festival (games, a meeting, a conference)- проводить праздник (игры, собрание, конференцию)it dates back to- это восходит к
to the right (left)- направо (налево)
in h&nour of- в честь кого-л.
to be present (at) = to attend- присутствовать (на)
by means of = with the help of- посредством, с помощью (чего-л.)
to take part (in)- участвовать (в)
to win. a victory (over)- одержать победу (над); выиграть
to be eager to do smth.- очень хотеть, гореть желанием сделать что-л.
to take place- состояться, иметь место
What's the origin of... ? - Каково происхождение...?
to make (offer) a sacrifice- делать жертвоприношение, приносить в жертву
on foot- пешком
it must be noted that- необходимо заметить, что
to go in for (wrestling, swimming, skating)- заниматься, увлекаться(борьбой,плаванием,катанием на коньках)
What kind of sport do you play?- Каким видом спорта вы занимаетесь?
1. Барановська Т.В. Граматика англійської мови. Збірник вправ: Навч. посібник. Видання друге, виправлене та доповненею – Мова англ., укр. – Київ: ТОВ “ВП Логос-М», 2007. – 384с.
2. Л.В. Мисик, А.Л. Арцишевська, Л.Р. Кузнєцова, Л.Л. Поплавська. Англійська мова. Комунікативний аспект. / За ред. доц. Мисик Л.В. – Підручник. – К.: Атіка, 2000. – 368с.
Практичне заняття № 4
Тема: Види крамниць та відділів (в супермаркеті, в аптеці)
1. Робота над тестом підручника «Ділова англійська мова» стор 44 Text 2 впр.5-7
1. Read and translate the following text: SHOPPING
My friend will have a birthday in a week, so I decided to look for a present for him. I went to the Central Department Store, which is situated in the center of our city. It is a multistoried building where one can get everything in the way of food and manufactured goods. I must confess, it is so difficult to make a suitable purchase at such a huge shop with a lot of counters and shelves. When I arrived at the Central Department Store first I admired the window-dressing. Then I went along the ground floor, where I could see all kinds of foodstuffs: meat, fish, tinned food, sausage, fruit, wine, sweets, etc. I went on with my shopping and noticed that there were on sale: haberdashery, stationery, hosiery, and leather-wear. To tell the truth I found myself in a fantastic city of silk skirts and shirts, different kinds of frocks and coats, leather boots and shoes, woolen pullovers and sweaters, jeans and suits, jackets and blouses. There one can get everything in the way of clothes wanted by men, women and children: footwear, knitwear, ready-made clothes, firs and what not. I admired the cut and the style of a light summer frock and made up my mind to try it on. A pleasant-looking shop-assistant proposed me to try the frock on and to look in the mirror. But unfortunately, it didn't suit me perfectly; it was a bit loose on me.
On the first floor I could see all kinds of household utensils: crockery, china, electric appliances, pots and pans, vacuum-cleaners, washing-machines, cameras, radio and television sets, video, cassette-recorders and a lot of other things. On the second floor there were the perfumery and gift and souvenir departments.
There was a big choice of different things. The shop-assistant suggested looking at a beautiful water-colour. 1 liked it very much and was sure my friend would like it too. The price of the water-colour wasn't very high, I must admit. So, I paid money at the cash-desk. The cashier gave me a receipt and I came up to the shop-assistant again. She passed me a wrapped parcel, thanked me and said she was always glad to see me again at their shop. After that I bought a beautiful birthday card. I was happy and a bit excited to buy such a good present and went out of the shop.
On my way home I suddenly remembered that my mother asked me to buy some food products. We had run out of bread and I had to drop in at the baker's. I bought a loaf of brown bread, some rolls and buns. Then I made my way to the grocer's where I bought a kilo of sugar and some sausage. There was a vegetable stall near the bus stop, and I decided to buy some oranges and apples. On my way home I was thinking about a nice present I had managed to buy.
2. Виконання після текстових вправ
2. Answer the questions:
1. Where is the shopping center in your town?
2. What time the shops are most crowded at?
3. Which is the best department store in your town? Is there always a good choice of goods there
4. What do you call a department where they sell shoes (socks and stockings handbags and gloves; perfumes and powder)?
5. What size do you take in suits (shoes, hats, shirts)?
Make up questions
a) Ask your friend:
- if he often goes shopping;
- where he generally does shopping;
- when the shops close in his town;
- where you can buy a cheap suit for everyday wear;
- if they have got pullovers;
- if she can show you jeans and trousers in your size;
- what suits they have for summer wear;
- if they have something cheaper in grey (in dark);
- what dress of the latest fashion she can recommend you.
4. Put all possible questions to the sentences:
1. I had come to the department store by 3 o'clock.
2. They had done shopping by 5 o'clock.
3. They had sold out chains and silver earrings by that time.