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Ex.1 p.41 Answer the following questions

 

1.What do you know different relationship that companies can have with one another?

o x , ?

There are different relationship these companies can have with one another.

, .

2.What is the group?

?

A group is a number of subsidiary companies operating under one leading company known as the parent company .

- , , -.

3.Is a subsidiary owned by another company?

?

A subsidiary is a company that is half or wholly owned by another company (the parent company).

- , (-).

4.What is a holding company?

?

A holding company is one that holds all, or more than half of, the stakes in one or more subsidiaries.

- , , , .

5.What is a conglomerate?

?

A conglomerate is a group consisting of a lot of different companies in different businesses run as one large company.

- , , .

6.Under what circumstances is a joint venture formed?

?

When two or more companies decide to work together , they form a joint venture.

, .

7.Why do companies unite a consortium?

?

A consortium is a group of companies which come together to undertake a project which any one of the member cannot carry out alone.

- , , , .

 

 

GRAMMAR REVISION

 

Ex.1 p.42

 

1.He has developed /has been developing a new product for a month.

.

2.She has worked/has been working overtime since May.

.

3.My firm has sold/has been selling shares since September.

.

4. Have you read/ have you been reading our company development programme all day?

?

5.I have waited /have been waiting for our partners since 2 oclock.

/ 2 .

6.I have worked/have been working so hard that I havent seen my family for weeks.

, .

7.They have exhibited/ have been exhibiting this new model since May.

.

8.My friend has looked /has been looking around for a new flat , but he hasnt found it yet.

, .

9. What new products have you advertised/have you been advertising since I last visited you?

, , ?

10.How long have you worked /have been working as a consultant?

?

11.I have tried/have been trying to ring them all day.

.

12.I have run/ have been running the company since 2000.

2000.

 

Ex.2 p.43

 

1. Im exhausted I have been working all day on my business plan , and I have not been finishing it yet. .

, -, ..

2. I have been shoping all morning , but I have not bought anything yet . I havent seen anything Ive liked .

. , . , .

3.I have been waiting for two hours, but nobody has arrived yet.

, .

4.I have been listening to you for the past half an hour, but Im afraid I dont understand your new idea.

, , .

5. The company has not been making any money for 2 months.

2 .

6.This shop never has never made any profit.

.

7. He has not been having a holiday for years

.

8.My friend has been President of the holding company for 3 months now.

3 .

9.I have read a lot of special literature lately.

.

10.The parent company has been financing its subsidiary for 2 months

- 2 .

11.How long have you been working for them?

?

12. We have spoken to each other on the phone , but we have never met.

, .

 

 

Ex.3 p.43

 

1.We have been thinking of ways to help our sister company for a week already

.

2.Our President decided to change the management structure last May.

.

3.We have placed an advertisement in Accounting Journal this Month.

.

4.They raised the prices for gas last week.

.

5.They have been expanding their business for 6 months.

6 .

6.We bought more than half of the shares of this company last month.

.

7.I have been prepared the annual report since early morning.

.

8.My uncle known everything about finance. He has been working as a financial manager for 20 years.

, . 20 .

9.I have sent them a fax today .

.

10.My brother has quarrelled with his boss yesterday.

.

11.Bill is a natural salesman . He has sold 10 cars since the beginning of the week.

- . 10 .

12.I wonder how Mary is getting on. I have not heared from her for nearly a month. , . .

 

Ex.4 p.44

 

1. 2

It repairs the car 2 hours.

2. .

They translate documents into English all the morning long.

3. .

He drinks many coffee recently.

4. 20 .

It works in this company of 20 years and never before was not late.

5. . .

Clients call all the morning long. That that happens with the computer.

6. , .

To me seem, that I stand in this the whole eternity.

7. . .

The president of the company considers my statement a week. I hope for the positive answer.

8. 15 .

I do purchases in it hop15 years.

9. .

Recently the industrial sector in Europe constantly reduces quantity places.

10. 10 .

They are engaged a business catfish together 10 years.

11. ?

As for a long time you over this project?

12. .

Our general enterprise is just created.

 

 

UNIT 1 LESSON 5

Text: Companies Restructuring

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