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P.63 Ex.1 Choose the correct variant.

...

 

1. I had solved/had been solving this difficult problem for some time when he appeared.

. , .

2.By the time we got to the office they had negotiated /had been negotiating for 2 hours.

, 2 .

3.He already /had been writing lecture notes for some time when we rang him up.

, .

4.They had looked/had been looking for some new information in the documents for two days before they found a mistake.

, .

5.He had reported/ had been reporting to the manager before he left the office.

, .

6.He kept looking at her , wondering where he had been seeing/had seen her.

, , , / .

7.He had smoked/ had been smoking for 10 years before he gave it up.

10 , .

8.The telephone had rung/had been ringing for 3 minutes before I answered it.

/ 3 , .

9.When I came the Board of Directors had been discussing/ had discussed this contract for an hour.

, / .

10.We had been finishing/had finished the discussion by 5 oclock.

/ 5 .

11.He didnt sign the contract until he had been reading /had read every word.

, / .

12.When I left my last job , I worked/had been working there for 10 years.

, / 10 .

 

P.64 Ex.2 Complete these sentences using the correct form .

 

1. I had been working for the company for six years before I got a promotion.

, .

2.He had been living in New York for 10 years when he decided to return to France.

- 10 , .

3.I had read the report before I left the office.

, .

4.I had written a letter to my partner when I heard this news.

, .

5.He had fixed his car all day before he left for London.

, .

6.The company had been preparing its annual report for a week when this event happened.

, .

7.By the 1990s they had built their financial empire.

1990- .

8.Most of the customers had left by the time our managing director got there.

, .

9.He had been listening to our conversation and I wondered how much he hear.

, , .

10.We were tired as we had been working since early morning.

, .

11.She not receive any information until it was too late to do something.

, -.

12.I had been looking for a new business partner for a month before I found him.

, .

P.65 Ex.3 True or false? Correct where necessary.

1.Everyone had spent time packing boxes before the company moved into a new office .

, , .

2.We were waiting for you for 2 hours before your secretary called.

2 , .

3.I failed to speak to him as he had just returned from his business trip to Italy.

, .

4.I hadnt finished the report by Monday although I was working at it since Wednesday.

, .

5.When I was telephoning my secretary she had gone out.

, .

6.We had finished our experiment by the end of the year.

.

7.I had studied the problem for a few days before I made a final decision

, .

8.How long had you did business in Spain before you met my boss?

, ?

9.She had been working in the Marketing department for 5 years before she became a good specialist.

5 , .

10.He had been working for this company for years before he could buy a house

, .

11.When the company went public , we had been producing tourist equipment for 5 years

, 5 .

12.Our lawyer had been studying the agreement for a week before we signed it.

, .

 

p.65 Ex.4 Translate into English :

 

1. , , .

She has become angry, because waited for me very long.

2. - , .

We have got tired that our financial plans discussed some hours.

3. , .

It worked in a sales department year before has promoted.

4. , .

The head of board looked through mail already a floor of hour when phone has rung out.

5. , .

It worked in library as hours, yet has not written this report.

6. , .

He some time attentively looked at the customer before to approach.

7. 10 , .

It worked on it the enterprise of 10 years before became the general director.

8. 2 , .

The head of the company of 2 weeks considered all details of the transaction before to make the definitive decision.

9. ,

Before to become the client of this travel company, he long chose.

10. , .

They long collected money before to order this furniture.

 

 

UNIT 2 PEOPLE AND ORGANIZATION

LESSON 1

Text: Employment

Grammar: Present time

Terms to remember:

 

employment-, ,

reflect-

be self-employed- ,

work freelance- ,

businesspeople-

flexible-

employer-,

entrepreneur-

fixed-term contract-

part-time worked-,

permanent job-

temporary job-

administration-, () , ,

reject-

Human resources-,

Human Resources-

department

recruitment- ,

staff appraisal-

welfare- ,

pension-

ensure-,

available-,

meet the needs-

team-, ,

job rotation- ,

job security- , , , .

 

P.70 Employment

 

 

Work plays a major part in most peoples lives.

.

People of all sorts work in business, and the terms businessman and businesswoman reflect this, referring to a wide range of individuals, from the rich and famous to small company owners, people in large organizations to those who work for themselves.

, , , , , .

Businessmen and women are referred to together as businesspeople.

.

Many people choose to be self-employed (to have their own business) or to work freelance for several employers.

( ) .

An entrepreneur is someone who starts their own company.

- -, .

As the lab our market becomes more flexible, many employers respond by increasing the number of fixed-term contracts and part-time workers.

, , , .

We can also speak about permanent or temporary job.

.

In large organizations, administration of people is done by the personnel department, although this expression is now sometimes rejected.

, .

Companies talk instead about their human resources or HR.

.

The Human Resources department of a company is responsible for planning, recruitment of new people, staff training and development, staff appraisal, welfare, pensions administration and industrial relations.

, , , , , .

It works to ensure that the right people are available to meet the companys needs.

, , , .

Some companies move their workers regularly between teams or departments.

.

This is called job rotation.

.

Job security is knowing or feeling that a job will last for a long time.

, .

 

 

p.76 Ex.1 Answer the following questions:

 

1.What do we call people who work in business?

People of all sorts work in business, and the terms businessman and businesswoman reflect this, referring to a wide range of individuals, from the rich and famous to small company owners, people in large organizations to those who work for themselves.

, , , , , .

Businessmen and women are referred to together as businesspeople.

.

 

2. How do employers respond to the flexibility of the lab our market?

?

As the lab our market becomes more flexible, many employers respond by increasing the number of fixed-term contracts and part-time workers.

, , , .

 

3. What department is administration of people done by?

In large organizations, administration of people is done by the personnel department, although this expression is now sometimes rejected.

, .

 

4.What is the Human Resources department of a company responsible for?

The Human Resources department of a company is responsible for planning, recruitment of new people, staff training and development, staff appraisal, welfare, pensions administration and industrial relations.

, , , , , .

 

5.What is job rotation?

?

.

This is called job rotation.

.

 

6.What is job security?

?

Job security is knowing or feeling that a job will last for a long time.

, .

 

7. When a person works freelance, does he/she work for him/herself?

Many people choose to be self-employed (to have their own business) or to work freelance for several employers.

( ) .

8.What is an entrepreneur?

?

An entrepreneur is someone who starts their own company.

- -, .

 

 

Grammar Revision

...

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