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P.80 Human Resources: the people

 

Human Resources means people, plus the skills and experience they bring to an organization.

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Job titles such as Account Manager or Personal Assistant define what people do.

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An employer is a person or company that provides job.

- , .

Boss is an informal word meaning someone in authority, for example an employer or owner of a company , or simply someone in a superior position.

- , - , , - .

The person who runs a specific part of an organization is called a manager.

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An executive or, informally , an exec is usually a manager at quite a high level.

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People at the head of an organization , as it was already mentioned , are senior executives, top executives or top managers.

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Someone who is in charge of making sure a job is well done e.g. on the factory floor, or in retailing , is sometimes called a supervisor.

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People working for a company are referred to as its workforce, employees, staff or personnel and on its payroll.

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Payroll is the list of all the people employed by a company , and the amount or money paid to each of them.

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The payroll is usually divided into monthly-paid staff, weekly-paid staff and hourly-paid staff.

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Professionals or people who perform various office jobs are white-collar workers, while manual workers in factories , on building sites, etc. are called blue-collar workers.

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Someone who works with you in your job is a colleague(sometimes called a co-worker)

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p.84 Ex.1 Answer the following question:

 

1.What does Human Resources mean?

" " ?

Human Resources means people, plus the skills and experience they bring to an organization.

" " , , .

 

2.What is an employer?

?

An employer is a person or company that provides job.

- , .

 

3.What is an executive?

?

An executive or, informally , an exec is usually a manager at quite a high level.

, , EC - .

 

4.Who is at the head of an organization?

?

People at the head of an organization , as it was already mentioned , are senior executives, top executives or top managers.

, , , -.

 

5.Whom do we call boss?

""?

Boss is an informal word meaning someone in authority, for example an employer or owner of a company , or simply someone in a superior position.

- , - , , - .

 

6.What is workforce?

?

People working for a company are referred to as its workforce, employees, staff or personnel and on its payroll.

, , , , .

 

7.Where do white-collar workers work ?

?

Professionals or people who perform various office jobs are white-collar workers, while manual workers in factories , on building sites, etc. are called blue-collar workers.

, , , , , .. " ".

 

8.What do blue-collar workers do?

" "?

Professionals or people who perform various office jobs are white-collar workers, while manual workers in factories , on building sites, etc. are called blue-collar workers.

, , , , , .. " ".

 

9.What is the supervisor in charge of?

?

Someone who is in charge of making sure a job is well done e.g. on the factory floor, or in retailing , is sometimes called a supervisor.

-, , , , .

 

10.What is a payroll?

?

Payroll is the list of all the people employed by a company , and the amount or money paid to each of them.

- , , , .

People working for a company are referred to as its workforce, employees, staff or personnel and on its payroll.

, , , , .

 

11.What is the payroll usually divided into?

?

The payroll is usually divided into monthly-paid staff, weekly-paid staff and hourly-paid staff.

, , .

 

12.What do managers usually run?

?

The person who runs a specific part of an organization is called a manager.

, , .

 

 

Grammar Revision

p.84 Ex.1 Choose the correct variant:

1.He decided to go to the office immediately when he remembered he had not locked the door.

, , .

 

a) didnt look b) had not looked c) have not looked

(Past Simple) (Past Perfect) (Present Perfect)

 

2.He has tested four new machines since he joined the company.

He , .

 

a) joined b) had joined c) has joined

(Past Simple) (Past Perfect) (Present Perfect)

 

3.When we installed the new equipment , it had become already obsolete.

, .

 

a) became b) had become c) has become

(Past Simple) (Past Perfect) (Present Perfect)

 

4.While we were seeking a new solution, they were doing everything to change our plans

, ,

 

a) had done b)were doing c) did

(Past Perfect) (Past Continuous) (Past Simple)

 

 

5.When she took her driving test, she had had about 10 driving lessons.

, 10 .

 

a) had had b) had c) was having

(Past Perfect) (Past Simple) (Past Continuous)

 

6.The hotel manager called the police when he discovered that a guest had left without paying his bill.

, , , .

 

a) left b) had left c) leaves

(Past Simple) (Past Perfect) (Present Simple)

 

7.He was working in the laboratory when you rang.

, .

 

a) worked b) was working c) had worked

(Past Simple) (Past Continuous) (Past Perfect)

 

8. Phil was talking to someone on the phone as we walked in.

- , .

 

a) talked b)was talking c) had talked

(Past Simple) (Past Continuous) (Past Perfect)

 

9. I had been reading the report since early morning when suddenly he came.

, .

 

a) was reading b) had been reading c) read

(Past Continuous) (Past Perfect (Past Simple)

Continuous)

 

10.We had reconstructed the main office before we moved into it.

, .

 

a)were b)reconstructed c)had reconstructed

reconstructing (Past Simple) (Past Perfect)

(Past Continuous)

 

11.She always waswearing formal clothes to work.

, .

 

a) was wearing b) wore c)had been wearing

(Past Continuous) (Past Simple) (Past Perfect Continuous)

 

12.He had been working for 10 years at his telephone business , before he decided it was time for a change

10 , , ,

 

a) worked b) was working c) had been working

(Past Simple) (Past Continuous) (Past Perfect Continuous)

 

 

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