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—пец≥альност≥ Ђƒошк≥льна осв≥таї (м/с), ≤ курс, заочна форма навчанн€

(≤ семестр 2013 -2014 н. р.)

1. The family in the past and present.

2. My family.

3. My motherТs / fatherТs / friendТs character and appearance.

4. The place I live in.

5. My flat / house.

6. The house of my dream.

7. Lutsk.

8. City and country life.

9. My native town / village.

10. Our University.

11. Seasons and weather.

12. Meals in Britain.

13. Ukrainian national dishes.

14. American food.

15. My profession.

16. Ukrainian educational system.

17. Higher education in Great Britain.

18. Teaching as a profession.

19. What makes a good teacher.

20. The importance of preschool education.

«авданн€ з граматики:

ѕ≥дручник: ¬ерба Ћ. √., ¬ерба √. ¬. √раматика сучасноњ англ≥йськоњ мови Ц  .: “ќ¬ Ђ¬ѕ Ћогос-ћї, 2006.

 

¬пр. 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15; 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 49 ст. 222 Ц 238.

 

FAMILY

Exercise 1. Match the word with its meaning.

 

1. husband a. children born at the same time to the same mother
2. aunt b. your sonТs wife
3. twins a. c. your motherТs/ fatherТs sister
4. cousin d. a person who has never been married before
5. niece e. both mother and father
6. stepfather f. the son of your son or daughter
7. uncle g. all your family together including uncles, aunts, grandparents etc.
8. single h. a child of your aunt/ uncle
9. relatives i. a daughter of your sister/ brother
10.daughter-in-law j. a man who is married to your mother but not your father
1. 11. parents k. your motherТs/ fatherТs brother
2. 12. grandson b. l. a man that a woman is married to

 

 

Exercise 2. Read and translate the text.

The family in the past and present

A hundred years ago there was only one acceptable model of a family: the father, mother and children. A man was the head of the family and the most important person in the home. He was the master and ruler who treated his wife and children as his private property. A woman was financially dependent on her husband and had little to say. Her only role was to bear and rear children. The children, in turn, were brought up in discipline and obedience Still, their situation was much better than that of those who were born out of wedlock. In the past single unmarried mothers with illegitimate children were stigmatized and barely tolerated in society.

The situation improved a lot with the Liberation Movement which started at the end of the 19lh century. Women were given more rights and their role in society was strengthened but at the same time the traditional family pattern began to change.

Nowadays we can forget the stereotype of the bread-winning father and the child-raising mother. The term "traditional" or "typical" applies to fewer and fewer families. Although still the most common type of household is the couple with one or two children, more and more people decide not to get married claiming that legislation is unnecessary to prove their love. This more "informal" family pattern is particularly popular in Sweden which in 1997 had the highest percentage of children born out of wedlock in Europe Ц fifty four per cent. Another common family structure today is the single mother, either unwed or divorced, who raises one or two children. There has also been an increase in the number of men who are being granted custody after divorce, especially in the United Kingdom.

Over the last twenty years the percentage of European children living in single parent households has nearly tripled, and in 2000 amounted to nearly ten per cent.

To sum up, the structure of the European family is changing drastically. A married couple with children, once the model, is being replaced by all kinds of different relationships, not necessarily based on marriage. Although governments hope to encourage the traditional nuclear family made up of two parents and their children, there isn't much they can do. They have to adapt to the new realities by legally recognizing and giving certain rights to non-traditional families instead of telling people how they should live together.

Exercise 3. Give answers to the questions.

 

1. Describe a model of a traditional family.

2. Who was the head of the family some hundred years ago?

3. What was womanТs role in those days?

4. When were women given their rights? What improved the role of women in the society?

5. Why do most of people decide not to get married nowadays?

6. Explain the term Уnuclear familyФ

7. What types of modern families do you know?

8. Do you think itТs positive for children to be raised only by father or mother? Give reasons.

9. What can governments do to encourage the traditional nuclear family?

 

 

CHARACTER AND APPEARANCE

VOCABULARY

Appearance Ч «овн≥шн≥сть:

beautiful (about women) Ч гарна (про ж≥нок)

handsome (about men) Чгарний (про чолов≥к≥в)

pretty (about women) Ч симпатична (про ж≥нок)

agreeable Ч приЇмний

engaging Ч привабливий, чар≥вний

good-looking Ч гарний, приЇмний, ц≥кавий

pleasant-looking Ч приЇмний

plain-looking Ч негарний

ugly Ч потворний, бридкий

extravagant Ч екстравагантний

stylish Ч модний

elegant Ч елегантний.


Face Ч ќбличч€:

oval Ц овальне

round Ц кругле

square Ц квадратне

broad Ц широке

long Ц продовгувате

hard Ц вольове

hollow Ц запале

blazing with love Ц те, €ке випром≥нюЇ любов

worried Ц занепокоЇне

pimpled (pimply) Ц прищаве

freckled Ц вкрите ластовинн€м

elderly (face) Ц обличч€ л≥тньоњ людини

wrinkled Ц зморшкувате

clean shaven Ц гладенько поголене

swarthy Ц смугл€ве

sunburned (tanned, browned) Ц засмагле

bone-structure Ц овал обличч€

 

Features Ц –иси:

regular Ц правильн≥

irregular Ц неправильн≥

delicate Ц тонк≥

forceful Ц сильн≥, вольов≥

large (massive) Ц велик≥, масивн≥

small Ц др≥бн≥

 

Mouth Ц Pот:

small Ц маленький

set / firm Ц твердий, р≥шучий

large (wide) Ц великий, широкий

toothless Ц беззубий

vivid Ц виразний

Nose Ц Ќ≥с:

straight Ц пр€мий

snub (turned-up) Ц кирпатий

strong (large) Ц великий

Roman Ц римський

Grecian Ц грецький

small Ц маленький

crooked Ц кривий

aquiline Ц орлиний

flat Ц приплюснутий

hooked Ц крючкуватий

a bridge of one's nose Ц перен≥сс€

 

Eyes Ц ќч≥:

clearЦ €сн≥

anxious Ц занепокоЇн≥

slanting (oblique) Ц розкос≥

wide-apart Ц широко поставлен≥

clever Ц розумн≥

narrow Ц вузьк≥

near- (short) Ц sighted Ц короткозорий

long-sighted Ц далекозорий

cross-eyed Ц косоокий

hazel Ц кар≥

striking blue (dark, green) Ц €скраво блакитн≥ (чорн≥, зелен≥)

kind, warm Ц добр≥

under-eye-bags Ч Ђм≥шкиї п≥д очима

dark circles Ч темн≥ кола (п≥д очима)

blue-eyed Ч блакитноокий

Eyelashes Ц ¬≥њ:

straight Ц пр€м≥

curving Ц загнут≥

Eyebrows Ц Ѕрови:

thin Ц тонк≥

thick Ц густ≥

arched Ц вигнут≥ дугою

shaggy Ц кошлат≥

to rise one's eyebrows Ч п≥д≥ймати брови

to frown (knit) one's eyebrows Ц хмурити брови

Forehead Ц Ћоб:

high (tall) Ц високий

large (open) Ц великий (в≥дкритий)

low Ц низький

narrow Ц вузький

broad Ц широкий

 

Lips Ц √уби:

full - повн≥

thin Ц тонк≥

painted Ц нафарбован≥

parted Ц нап≥вв≥дкрит≥

 

Cheeks Ц ўоки:

plump (chubby) Ц пухл≥

rosy (ruddy) Ц румТ€н≥

sunken (hollow) Ц запал≥

pale Ц бл≥д≥

dimples in one's cheeks Ч €мочки на щоках

 

Complexion Ц  ол≥р обличч€:

fair Ц св≥тлий (б≥лий)

swarthy (dark) Ц темний

pale Ц бл≥дий

blooming Ц кв≥тучий

peaches and cream Ц кров з молоком

 

Ears - ¬уха:

huge Ц велик≥

small Ц маленьк≥

 

Chin Ц ѕ≥дбор≥дд€:

massive Ц масивне

pointed Ц гостре

round Цкругле

Hair Ц ¬олосс€:

straight (even) Ц пр€ме

curly Ц кучер€ве

plaited Ц заплетене в косу

wavy Ц хвил€сте

abundant Ц густе, пишне

thin (scanty) Ц тонке

sleek (smooth) Ц гладеньке, прилизане

dyed Ц фарбоване

golden Ц золотисте

elaborately dressed Ц гарно зачесане

bobbed Ц коротко п≥дстрижене

gray Ц сиве

dark Ц темне

fair Ц рус€ве

blond(е) Ц б≥л€ве (блондинка)

red Ц руде

hair-cut (to have oneТs hair-cut )Ц стрижка (стригтис€)

hair-do (to do oneТs hair) Ц зач≥ска (робити зач≥ску)

beard Ц борода

moustaches Ц вуса

wig Ц перука

 

Teeth Ц «уби:

even (uneven)Ц р≥вн≥ (нер≥вн≥)

small (tiny)Ц др≥бн≥

Figure Ц ‘≥гура:

posture Ц стан

lean (about men) Ц худорл€вий

slender /slim (about women) Ц струнка

slight Ц тенд≥тна

graceful Ц витончена, грац≥озна

fat Ц повна, товста

plump Ц повненька, пухка

stout Ц огр€дна

Height (Stature) Ц «р≥ст:

average (medium, middle-sized) Ц середн≥й

tall Ц високий

short Ц низький

diminutive Ц м≥н≥атюрний


Character Ч ’арактер

trait [ trei] (Br.) / [ treit] (Am.)Ч риса (обличч€, характера)

character ['kærektə] Ч характер; репутац≥€; особист≥сть, герой; характерна особлив≥сть

virtuous (good) characteristics of a person Ц позитивн≥ риси особистост≥

evil (bad) characteristics of a person Ц негативн≥ риси особистост≥

affable Ч прив≥тний, любТ€зний

amiable Чдобродушний; любТ€зний

good-natured (ill-natured)Ч добродушний (зл≥сний)

good-tempered / ill-tempered Ц з гарним характером, вр≥вноважений (з поганим характером, невр≥вноважений)

communicative, sociable Ц комун≥кабельний, компан≥йський

friendly Ц дружн≥≥й

modest Ц скромний

generous Ц великодушний, благородний

attentive Ц уважний

earnest Ц серйозний

sincere [sin'siə] (insincere) Ц щирий, чистосердечний (нещирий)

calm, quiet Ц спок≥йний, тихий

composed Ц спок≥йний, стриманий

honest Ц чесний

merciful (sympathetic) Ц милосердний, (сп≥вчутливий)

impartial, just Ц справедливий

patient ['pei∫ənt] Ц терпл€чий

respectable Ц той, €кий заслуговуЇ поваги

cordial Ц сердечний, щирий

broad-minded Ц з широким св≥тогл€дом

witty Ц дотепний

intelligent, clever Ц розумний

dignified ['dignifaid] Ц сповнений г≥дност≥, величний

easy-going Ц добродушно- веселий, легкий у сп≥лкуванн≥

sophisticated Ц з витонченим смаком

affectionate Ц любл€чий, н≥жний

loyal Ц в≥рний, в≥дданий, ло€льний

courageous Ц см≥ливий, хоробрий

hard-working, industrious Ц трудолюбивий

gentle Ц мТ€кий, добрий

proud Ц гордий

shy Ц соромТ€зливий

reserved Ч стриманий

silly, foolish, stupid Ц дурненький

unkind Ч недобрий, злий

hard-hearted Ч жорстокий, нечутливий

uncommunicative, unsociable Ч некомпан≥йський, некоммун≥кабельний

hostile Ч ворожий

haughty, arrogant, vain, (conceited) Ч пихатий, зарозум≥лий (самовдоволений)

showy Ч ефектний, показний

indiscreet Ч необережний, безтактовний

greedy Ч жад≥бний

clumsy Ц незграбний

reliable Ц над≥йний

passionate, partial Ч пристрасний, палкий

fussyЧ метушливий, нервовий

dishonest Ч нечесний, недобросов≥сний

cruel Ч жорстокий, безжал≥сний

tolerant (intolerant) Ч терпимий (нетерпимий)

wilful Ч свав≥льний, упертий

capricious Ч капризний, непост≥йний

insensible Ч нечутливий, байдужий; непритомний

deceitful [di'si:tful] Ч обманливий, брехливий

sulky, (sullen), (cross) Ц сердитий, надутий (похмурий, сердитий), (сердитий, оздратований)

obstinate, persistеnt Ч впертий, наполегливий

coarse, rude Ч грубий, нев≥чливий

harshЧ грубий, жорстокий, р≥зкий

impertinent, impudent Ч зухвалий, нахабний

revengeful Ч мстивий

short-tempered Ц запальний, невитриманий

envious Ч заздр≥сний

stubborn, obstinate Ч впертий

mean [mi:n] Ч п≥длий

jealous Ч ревнивий

selfish Ч егоњстичний

boring Ч надокучливий, нудний

weak-willed Ч слабохарактерний

shallow Ч поверховий, нец≥кавий

absent-minded Ч забудькуватий, неуважний

 

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