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Hall (Entrance Hall) Ц передпок≥й, вестибюль

a (coat) rack Ц в≥шак

a (coat) hook Ц гачок

stair Ц сходи

to go downstairs (upstairs) Ц спускатис€ (п≥дн≥матис€) сходами

a key Ц ключ

a doorway Ц вх≥д в прим≥щенн€

a backdoor Ц задн≥ двер≥, чорний х≥д

a sidedoor Ц боков≥ двер≥

a doorstep Ц пор≥г

a doormat Ц килимок

a doorbell (doorknob) Ц дзвоник (кнопка)

a door-handle Ц ручка (дверей)

a spyhole Ц глазок

a dressing table Ц тумбочка

a mirror Ц дзеркало

a window sill Ц п≥дв≥конн€

a lift (elevator) Ц л≥фт

a garage Ц гараж

a chimney Ц димох≥д

a porch Ц ганок

a roof Ц дах

Living-room Ц загальна к≥мната; Sitting-room Ц в≥тальн€

furniture Ц мебл≥

a wall unit/ suite Ц мебл≥

a wardrobe Ц шафа

a chest of drawers Ц комод

a bookcase Ц книжкова шафа

a sofa Ц диван

a cushion Ц диванна подушка

a chair Ц ст≥лець

an arm-chair Ц кр≥сло

a coffee (low) table Ц журнальний столик

a carpet Ц килим

fitted carpet Ц килимове покритт€

a standard lamp Ц торшер

a chandelier Ц люстра

a curtain Ц ф≥ранка

a net curtain Ц тюль

a planter (flower pot) Ц горщик дл€ кв≥т≥в

a fireplace Ц кам≥н

light switch Ц вмикач св≥тла

 

Dining-room, Canteen Ц њдальн€; Kitchen Ц кухн€

a fork Ц виделка

a knife Ц н≥ж

a spoon Ц ложка

a teaspoon Ц чайна ложка

cutlery Ц ножов≥ прибори

a plate Ц тар≥лка

a bowl Ц глибока тар≥лка

a saucer Ц блюдце

a cup Ц кружка

a glass Ц скл€нка

a tray Ц тац€

a tablecloth (tablemat) Ц cкатертина (невелика скатерка)

a napkin Ц серветка

china Ц порцел€на

a frying pan Ц пательн€

a pot Ц горщик, каструл€

a saucepan Ц каструл€

a kettle Ц чайник

a salt-cellar Ц с≥льничка

a pepper-box Ц перечниц€

a sugar basin Ц цукорниц€

a bread bin Ц хл≥бниц€

a jug Ц глечик

matches Ц с≥рники

a bucket Ц в≥дро

a sweeper Ц в≥ник

a dust pan Ц совок

a closet Ц ком≥рчина

wastebin Ц см≥тник


Conveniences/ Utilities Ц зручност≥/ комунальн≥ послуги

central heating Ц центральне опаленн€

garbage disposal (rubbish chute) Ц мусоропров≥д

electricity Ц електрика

cold (hot) running-water Ц холодна (гар€ча) вода

a gas /an electric cooker (stove) Ц газова /електрична плита

an oven Ц духовка

a mixer Ц м≥ксер

a mincer Ц мТ€сорубка

a refrigerator (fridge) Ц холодильник

a vacuum cleaner (vac) Ц пилосос

a tape-recorder/ CD player/ music centre Ц магн≥тофон/ CD програвач/ музичний центр

an iron Ц праска

a washing machine (washer) Ц пральна машина


Bathroom Ц ванна к≥мната; Toilet (Lavatory) Ц туалет

a bath-tub Ц ванна

a shower Ц душ

a tap Ц кран

a sink (washbasin) Ц раковина

a toothbrush Ц зубна щ≥тка

a toothpaste Ц зубна паста

a soap Ц мило

a soap dish Ц мильниц€

a sponge Ц мочалка

a towel Ц рушник

a toilet Ц ун≥таз

Bedroom Ц спальн€; Nursery Ц дит€ча к≥мната

a bed Ц л≥жко

a bed-spread Ц покривало

a pillow Ц подушка

a pillowcase Ц наволочка

a sheet Ц простирадло

a blanket Ц ковдра


 

Additional Words and Expressions

сomfortable Ц зручний

сosy Ц затишний

a ground floor Ц перший поверх

a first floor Ц другий поверх

a multi-storey building Ц багатоповерховий будинок

a private house Ц приватний будинок

a furnished flat (apartment) Ц вмебльована квартира

to share the room (flat) with Ц жити в одн≥й к≥мнат≥ (квартир≥)

to pay the rent Ц вносити квартплату

to move (in) Ц перењжджати (оселитис€)

What street do you live in?

How many rooms are there in your flat (apartment)?

We live in a two-room (three-room) flat.

What floor is your flat on?

Our flat is on the second (fourth) floor. Ц Ќаша квартира на третьому (пТ€тому) поверс≥.

City Life

a streetlight (street lamp) Ц л≥хтар

traffic lights Ц св≥тлофор

heavy traffic Ц великий транспортний рух

traffic jam Ц затор на дорогах

(zebra) crossing/ crosswalk Ц перех≥д

pavement (Br.)/ sidewalk (Am.)Ц тротуар

underground/ subway Ц метро

underground walkway/ subway Ц п≥дземний перех≥д

a bed of flowers Ц клумбa

a bus station Ц автобусна зупинка

housing estate/ residential area Ц жилий район

industrial area Ц промисловий район

a block of flats (a large building divided into separate parts) Ц багатоквартирний будинок

a noisy crowd Ц галасливий натовп

a rush hour Ц година п≥к

a department store Ц ун≥вермаг

a mall (shopping centre) Ц торг≥вельний центр

a suburb Ц окрањна, околиц€

an avenue Ц проспект

a square - площа

Village Life

a vegetable garden / kitchen garden Ц город

unpolluted environment Ц незабруднене навколишнЇ середовище

an orchard Ц (фруктовий) сад

a meadow Ц луг

a fence Ц паркан, огорожа

hedge Ц живопл≥т

a well Ц колод€зь

outskirts Ц околиц≥, передм≥ст€

Exercise 1. Read and translate the text.

Home (Our Flat)

The house we live in is our home, or in more official speech, our residence or dwelling. Some people live in individual houses. The town building may be five-or nine-storied. There are multi-storey buildings too.

Our first floor is usually called the ground floor in England, and the second floor corresponds to the English first floor. Americans call the floors the same as we do: first, second and so on.

Let us visit one of the modern flats of the apartment house in a big town. The flat is in a multi-storey building on the sixth floor. The family has recently moved into it. It is a three-room flat with all modern conveniences. It consists of a living-room, a bedroom and a study.

The living-room is large. There are two windows in it. In the evening all the family gather in the living-room to watch a TV programme, read newspapers or magazines or to receive guests. The room is well furnished. In the middle there stands a large square table with six chairs round it. On the table there is a vase with flowers. There are some arm-chairs and sofa near the wall. Opposite the sofa there is a colour TV-set.

You can see the piano near the window. At the wall stands a sideboard. Crystal bowls, wine glasses, goblets, china dishes and special tea-sets stand on its shelves.

The walls in the living-room are papered blue and the curtains over the window match them. On the walls there hang some pictures. A thick carpet covers the floor.

The bedroom is also a cosy room. There is only one window with dark curtains over it. The window faces the yard. Against the wall there are two beds. In the corner there is a dressing-table with a mirror. Opposite it there is a dark wardrobe.

The small room is a study. Here the children do their homework. It is a simply furnished room. In the corner near the window there is a small writing-table with a lamp on it. A comfortable arm-chair stands near it. On the wall you can see shelves full of books, magazines and journals. In front of the window stands a bookcase.

Besides these three rooms, the flat has a kitchen, a hall, a bathroom and a lavatory. The kitchen is not so small. The built-in furniture and all modem conveniences make housekeeping easy.

The bathroom has a build-in bath-tub with a shower and a washstand. There is a glass shelf over the wash-stand. You can see some sponges, soap-dishes, tooth-glasses with tooth-brushes, and some tubes of tooth-paste. You can take a shower or a bath any time.

Next to the bathroom there is a lavatory. In the hall you can see a hallstand for coats, hats and umbrellas. Besides there is a small table for the telephone.

So you can see the flat is comfortable enough. Next week the family will give a housewarming.

Exercise 2. Answer the questions to the text.

1. What do we call a house consisting of many flats (a building of many storeys; a flat of two rooms; the place, i.e. town, street and apartment house where you live; different levels on which some flats are located; a room which is at the same time a sitting-room and a dining-room; a table on which toilet things stand; a piece of furniture for keeping dishes, bowls, cups, etc.; a piece of furniture for keeping clothes; celebration on the occasion of moving into a new flat)? 2. Do we call floors of the apartment house in the same way as they call them in England and America? 3.Where is the flat we visited located? 4. Is the flat large or small? 5. How many rooms are there in it? 6. What is the largest room? What is the smallest one? 7. The rooms are comfortable and cosy, aren't they? 8. What pieces of furniture stand in the living-room? 9. Is it well furnished? 10. What do the windows of the room face? 11. What room is simply furnished? 12. Does the family have many books? Where do they keep books, magazines and journals? 13. The kitchen is very convenient for housekeeping, isn't it? 14.What things do they keep on a glass shelf in the bathroom? 15. What makes housekeeping easy?

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences according to the text.

l. Our first floor is usually called... 2. Let us visit one of the modem flats of... 3. It is a three-room flat with all ... 4 The rooms are... 5. In the evening all the family gather in the living-room to... 6. In the middle there stands a large square... 7. The walls in the living-room are papered blue and... 8. Opposite it there is a dark... 9. In the corner near the window there is... 10. In the hall you can see a hallstand for...

Exercise 4. What are these parts of the house used for? Match each part of the house with what is usually done there.

 

1. kitchen a) a place to wash
2.dining-room b) a place to sleep
3.bedroom c) a place to leave your street clothes
4.garage d) a place to relax and talk
5.garden a place to cook
6. bathroom f) a place to grow flowers
7. living room g) a place to keep a car
8. hall h) a place to keep garden tools
9. shed i) a place to keep household equipment
10. closet j) a place to eat

 

Exercise 5. Tick yes or no. yes no

  1. I use a frying pan to drink out of.
  2. Washing-up liquid makes the dishes clean.
  3. The fridge is cold inside.
  4. I turn on the tap to get the water.
  5. A tea towel is for making plates wet.
  6. You can cut meat with a spoon.
  7. We boil water in a kettle.
  8. Pillows are for sitting on them.
  9. Soap is for washing hands.
  10. The roof opens a door.
  11. The wardrobe is to keep dishes in it.
  12. We can drink milk out of a glass.

 

Exercise 6. Fill in the gaps with a suitable word.

Mr. Hudson is selling his house. At the moment he is showing it to Mr. and Mrs. Wills.

Here we are. As you can see itТs really quite a big spacious (1) Е with two storeys. Upstairs there are three (2) Е where you and your children can sleep, and one (3) Е which has both a bath and a shower. Downstairs we have a large (4) Е where all our family liked to get together in the evenings to watch TV and talk. Next to it is a (5) Е where we used to have our evening meals when all the family sat down to table. We usually had breakfast in the (6) Е as it was a very quick meal.

Before we go in, letТs have a look at the house from the outside. I think you will agree that the front (7) Е is very nice with all itТs flower beds and a lawn. The green hedge around it makes it a little more private. YouТve got a car, havenТt you? So the (8) Е next to the house will be very useful.

Now follow me up the path to the front door. Here we are inside. In this little (9) Е you can hang your coats and hats. On your right is the living-room and this (10) Е on the left leads into the dining-room. It is connected with the (11) Е , so you can cook there and serve the meals in the dining-room. From the kitchen (12) Е you have a pleasant view on the back (13) Е which as you see has a strong wooden fence around it.

The house is in a excellent (14) Е youТll have no problems with the floors, walls, ceilings, the roof, central heating, hot and cold running (15) Е or electricity. So, any questions? Ah, yes, the price. Three bedrooms, a garage and a garden. Well, what do you think?

 

Exercise 7. Read and translate the text.

Living in the City

Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, it is often easier to find work, and there is usually a choice of public transport, so you don't need to own a car. Also, there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. For example, you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, and go to the theatre and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can usually find a park where you can feed the ducks or just sit on a park bench and read a book. All in all, city life is full of bustle and variety and you need never feel bored.

However, for every plus there is a minus. For one thing, you might have a job, but unless it is very well-paid, you will not be able to afford many of the things that there are to do, because living in a city is often very expensive. It is particularly difficult to find good, cheap accommodation. What is more, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every city-dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city.

In conclusion, I think that city life can be particularly appealing to young people, who like the excitement of the city and don't mind the noise and pollution. However, many people, when they get older, and particularly when they have young children, often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside.

Exercise 8. 1) Sort out the words and expressions given in the box into two columns according to the place where you are most likely to find them. 2) Use the words and expressions in each column to describe a typical city or a village in your country.

 

multi- storied houses underground walkway industrial area picture galleries beds of flowers residential areas stray cats and dogs unpolluted environment convenient bus service peaceful atmosphere smiles and greetings big shopping centres rush hours orchards theatres avenues suburbs bushes benches wells car parks heavy traffic museums traffic lights bedroom districts vegetable gardens domestic animals healthy food traffic jams well-kept parks pavements fields and meadows blocks of flats fences and hedges noisy crowds pure water

 

 

CITY COUNTRY

Exercise 9. Read and translate the text.

Lutsk

One English proverb says: УThere is no place like homeФ. So the best of all places is our native town. We never forget it when we leave for another town. We are proud of it and like it very much because it is the place where we live, study and work. For me it is Lutsk.

Lutsk is an administrative, economic and cultural centre of the Volyn region. It lies on the river Styr. According to the Ipatyev Chronicles Lutsk (Luchesk) was mentioned as a town in 1085. There are several versions as to the origin of the name УLutskФ. As far as I know one of them is associated with Lucas, the name of the chief of the Dulebes, an East Slavonic tribe. In fact some scholars consider that the name of the town is derived from the word УLukaФ which means the bend of the river.

Lutsk is one of the most ancient towns of Ukraine. It bears witness to many historic events. In the 12th century it was the capital of the independent principality. It had to go through many severe trials in the past suffering from and offering heroic resistance to the Polish, Lithuanian, Austro-Hungarian and Swedish lords.

The newcomer to Lutsk is at once attracted by magnificent view of the medieval castle, the Lubart Castle. It is an architectural monument of the 14th century. Overlooking the towers of the castle is the dome of the Jesuit church, one of the best examples of the Early Baroque, created by the noted Italian master Briano in the early 17th century. Another architectural monument of interest is the building of the former Bernadine and Dominican monasteries.

Old and new mingle harmoniously in Lutsk. Each epoch has left its trace in the townТs appearance. From a typically provincial town with narrow streets and small houses Lutsk has grown into a modern town boasting a number of factories, plants and industrial enterprises.

Lutsk is very beautiful. The town is buried in greenery. Its streets squares, new residential districts are adorned with parks, public gardens, flower beds and fountains.

Lutsk is a cultural and educational centre of the Volyn. The Shevchenko Music and Drama Theatre, the Volynian Museum of Regional Studies, the Memorial Complex of Glory are the most beautiful sights of the town. There are some monuments in Lutsk, among them monuments to the great Ukrainian poetess Lesya Ukrainka who spent her youth in Volyn. Nowadays Lutsk is a student-town. There are the Lesya Ukrainka Volyn National University, Lutsk Technical University, nearly one hundred general educational and technical schools.

The names of many renowned people are associated with Lutsk. Among them outstanding statesmen Bohdan Hmelnytsky, Ivan Bohun, at different times Peter the Great, Ivan Franko, Yaroslav Hasĕk and many other prominent public figures, writers and poets visited Lutsk, lived or worked in it.

One cannot help admiring the beautiful town of Lutsk with its tidy streets, cozy squares and lush greenery. Ancient and ever young Lutsk becomes more and more beautiful with every passing day.

 

Exercise 10. Answer the questions to the text.

1. What town is the centre of Volyn region?

2. Where is it situated?

3. What is the origin of the name УLutskФ?

4. Did Lutsk have to go through many severe trials? Prove it.

5. What are the main attractions of the town?

6. Has Lutsk changed much since those days?

7. Is Lutsk really beautiful?

8. What are the main cultural and educational centres of the Volyn region?

9. What prominent people visited Lutsk?

10. Do you like Lutsk? Why?

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