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Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University

Universities play a prominent part in the educational and scientific life of the towns. Universities are traditionally important scientific centres, which carry on different research work and train highly qualified specialists for scientific, cultural and educational institutions, industrial enterprises, secondary and higher schools, and public bodies. The principal aim of the universities is to give their graduates a solid theoretical background and to combine research and study. The higher school gives the students the necessary professional skills and equips them for independent creative work.

I am a first-year student of Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University. The history of the University goes back to 1940 when the Lutsk State Teachers Training Institute was founded, then in 1951 it was reorganized into the Lutsk Pedagogical Institute and only in 1993 it became the Volyn State University. In 2007 it got the status of the National University.

Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University has level 4 accreditation. Here over 12 thousand students are working towards bachelors, specialist and master degrees and 400 graduate students are working on their candidate of science or doctors dissertations.

At present, the University includes seven Institutes: the Institute of Social Studies, the Institute of Philology and Journalism, the Pedagogical Institute, the Institute of Arts, the Institute of Foreign Philology, the Institute of Economics and Management and the Institute of Health and Physical Training.

The study course lasts for five years at our University. Lectures, laboratory work and seminars are always a part of time-table whatever the speciality. Highly qualified teachers deliver lectures at the University. Term papers are prepared by the students independently. To complete the study course the student takes final examinations and presents a diploma paper. There is an extra-mural department at our University where the people combine work and study. Some students study free of charge. Many of them receive state grants. Others pay fees for their study.

The university consists of 9 educational buildings, a library, the Palace of Culture, a sports facility, a biology summer camp, 6 students hostels, a medical-rehabilitation center, a dispensary, Information and Computer Centre, the Vezha publishing house and the Gart recreation camp on the Lake Svityaz.

There are numerous lecture rooms, classrooms, laboratories, studies and computing centres at the disposal of the students. There is also a fine assembly hall where various scientific conferences, evening parties and amateur art concerts are held. Art groups often take part in different concerts. The students who come from other towns and villages live in the hostels. I like my studies at the University though it is rather difficult because it takes me much time to be ready for classes.

 

Exercise 3. Answer the questions.

1. What is the role of universities?

2. What is the principal aim of the universities?

3. What is the history of our university?

4. What university degrees do you know?

5. How many institutes are there in our university? What are they?

6. How long does the study course last?

7. What does the student do to complete the study course?

8. What department do students combine work and study at?

9. Do all students study free of charge?

10. How many educational buildings are there in our university? What are they?

11. Where do students from other towns and villages live?

12. Is it easy for you to study at our University?

 

Exercise 4. Say if it is true or false.

1. The academic year begins in October. 2. It lasts for five months. 3. The academic year has two terms. 4. The examinations take place in April. 5. The students have holidays four times a year. 6. The winter holidays are short. 7. We study on Sundays. 8. The students sit down when the teacher comes into the classroom. 9. Classes finish at 2 o'clock or at 3.45 p.m. 10. The students are always attentive at the lessons. 11. You live at the hostel. 12. The students always attend all classes. 13. You have English classes two times a week. 14. You prepare your homework at the library.


 

Exercise 5. Give English equivalents to the given words and word combinations.



 

UNIT 5. NATURE. WEATHER AND SEASONS

VOCABULARY

Weather and Seasons

The sun is shining. .

The wind is blowing. ³ .

It is snowing. .

It is raining. .

cold

warm

hot

cool

chilly ,

gloomy/ dull

frosty

foggy

It israiny ( )

snowy , ( )

windy

sunny


cloudy

cloudless

moist/ damp

dry

slippery

 

a rainbow

a rainfall

flood

shower

to drizzle ,

thunderstorm

a flash of lightning (it lightens)

a snowfall ,

(hard) frost

bitter cold

ice

icicle

a snowflake

snow showers

thaw (sets in) ()

to freeze ,

to melt

hurricane

breeze/ gentle wind /

gale/ strong wind , /

storm

drought

heat

humidity /moisture

Additional Words and Expressions

Indian summer

The weather is improving .

It is raining cats and dogs .

The temperature rises (goes up) .

The temperature falls (goes down)

The temperature is about 5 degrees below (above) zero 5 () .

We are in a spell of fine weather. .

What nasty weather! () !

Quite different from the forecast. , .

Fairly hot for the time of year. .

Rather cold (cool) for the time of year. - ()

.

Nice and bright this morning! !

Windy and cold (cloudy) this afternoon. ³ () .

Much better (worse) than yesterday. (),

It's cold today, isn't it. , ?

What a fine weather today! !

What a wonderful morning! !

What a nice day! !


Exercise 1. Read and translate the text.

Seasons and Weather

The year is divided into four seasons: spring, summer, autumn and winter.

In spring nature awakens from her long winter sleep: the rays of the sun warm the earth and the weather gets gradually milder. The birds come back from the warm lands and tiny green leaves appear on the trees. Thin new blades of grass come up and fruit trees begin to blossom. "April showers bring May flowers" as the proverb goes. The fields and meadows look magic. The woods and forests are filled with the songs of the birds. The sky is blue and cloudless. At night, millions of stars shine in the darkness.

When summer comes the weather gets warmer still, the sun shines brightly and sometimes it's very hot. Summer is the most suitable season for holidays. It's a good time for going to the seaside to bathe in the sun, to swim and to enjoy the bright sunshine. In summer the days become longer and the nights shorter as the sun rises early and sets late in the evening.

June, July and August are probably the most beautiful months of the year although sometimes the sky is overcast with heavy clouds and there are storms with thunder, lightning and hail. It's the farmer's busy season he works in his fields from morning till night. The grass must be cut and the hay must be made while the dry weather lasts.

Autumn brings with it the harvest-time, when the crops are gathered and the air is filled with the fragrance of ripe fruit. The days get shorter and the nights longer. The woods turn yellow and brown, leaves begin to fall from the trees and the ground is covered with them. In autumn the sky is often cloudy and the sun is not as bright as it was in summer: its rays have already lost their strength.

The air is moist. Days get shorter and the nights longer. Autumn is a rainy season and, therefore, the weather is mostly dull. But there is a spell of sunny weather in late September, which is called Indian summer, when the sun shines brightly; the sky is rather cloudless and there is a carpet of multicolored leaves on the ground.

Winter is the coldest season. The air is frosty, large snowflakes fall to the ground covering the trees and the roofs of the houses with a white blanket. The rivers, streams, ponds and lakes are covered with a thick layer of ice, they are frozen. Quite often it's difficult to walk because the streets are slippery going out in such weather is not pleasant. But children enjoy being out-of-doors because they like to make snowmen, to go tobogganing, skating or skiing and to throw snowballs.

The unpleasant time comes when the thaw begins the temperature rises and the snow begins to melt. As the cars and buses go along the streets, they splash mud and water on the passers-by. By the end of the February the sun grows warmer and soon there won't be any ice but plenty of water. Winter will yield to spring.

 

Exercise 2. Answer the questions to the text.

1. How many seasons are there in a year? 2. Why do they say that nature awakens from her long winter sleep in spring? 3. How would you explain the meaning of the proverb "April showers bring May flowers"? 4. Which season is the most suitable for holidays? 5. Why do the days become longer and the nights shorter in summer? 6. What is the most typical summer weather? 7. What is the weather like in June? 8. What is the weather like in July? 9. Are there storms with thunder and lightning in summer? 10. Which season is called "farmer's busy season"? 11. What is the weather like in autumn? 12. Is autumn a rainy season? 13. Does it drizzle in autumn? 14. Does the sun shine brightly in autumn? 15. What do they understand by "Indian summer"? 16. Which season is considered to be the coldest one? 17. What is the weather like in winter? 18. Why do children enjoy being out-of-doors in winter? 19. What is your favourite season?

 

 

UNIT 6. MEALS

VOCABULARY


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