Which of the following statements contain similes?

It was as flat as a pancake.

There was as much as you could eat.

She was as bright as a button.

As if I would do a thing like that!

Where the bee sucks, there suck I.

my love is like a red, red rose.

> Oxymoron

Which of these statements contain oxymoron?.

No light, but rather darkness visible.

'I like a smuggler. He's the only honest thief.'

He was condemned to a living death.

Here's much to do with hate, but more with love. Why then, brawling love! loving hate!

"Make mine a wiskey sour, please!"

The shackles of an old love straiten'd him,His honour rooted in dishonour stood,And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true.

> Paradox

Which of these statements contain a paradox?

A mixture of sound and silence pervades the shady part of the wood.

She's got her knickers in a twist over this issue.

A libel may be all the more a libel, for being true.

A paradox is simply that which contradicts popular opinion or which in too many cases is a false opinion.

The dullness of the book is increased in proportion to the density, and it becomes ten times more tedious by its compression.

He has a powerful weakness for drink.

Assignment 1. Match each figure of combination with its main stylistic feature:

1.Simile. 2. Synonyms. 3. Oxymoron. 4. Antithesis. 5. Climax. 6. Anticlimax. 7. Zeugma. 8. Pun.

a) a figure of ascending arrangement of emotional, qualitative, or quantitative features of the referent under description;

b) a figure of contrast at the level of two semantically opposite phrases'

c) identity is expressed in the words with similar meanings;

d) a play on homonymic or polysemantic words;

e) a figure of identity consisting in expressive comparison of two belong' ing to different semantic classes objects which have something in common*


f) a figure of inequality realised in decreasing significance, importance or emotional tension of narration;

g)a figure of contrast based on the combination of semantically incompatible, almost antonymous words describing one referent;

h) an at least three-component figure of inequality, in which the basic component forms with the adjacent ones both a metaphoric expression and a free word combination.

Assignment 2. Pick out the appropriate comparative expressions from the a-e list below. Explain the stylistic function of each simile. Define other stylistic devices:


1. "Hurrah, hurrah!" Ramage bellowed ^ waving his arms. (A. Cronin).

2. He'd only have to take one look at Jan to be convinced in his honest old heart that his son was lower . (D. Cusack).

3. Tom is raving, running about ^ (F. Danby).

4. But the long seconds went by and she was as still . (M. Wilson).

5. I should have thought you would have got on with these young folks like - ^ . (Ch. Yonge).

a) than a snake's belly; b) like a house on fire; c) as ice; d) like a bear with a sore head; e) like a bull


1. "What's that?" cried Brodie, turning ^ (A. Cronin).

2. The creature was as lithe ^ and as active ^ .(H. Beecher Stowe).

3. Why, you're shaking ^ now because I mentioned his name! (E. Voynich). 4.1 will be as silent * . (B. Show).

5. This was now a road of ice five miles long, smooth J_!_!., and all but as straight . (H. Caine).

a) as glass ... as an arrow; b) like a leaf; c) like a flash; d) as a cat... as a monkey; e) as the grave


1-1 should be no guide to you, for we are as different ^ . (E. Lyall).

2- March comes in ^ and goes out ^.

3- Be you soft ^ and cunning ^.. (R. Aldington).

4. It [. e. the talk] rolled off his mental sphere m .

5. He is as dead ^ .

a) as a door-nail; b) like water off the feathers of a duck; c) as doves as serpents; d) like a lion ... like a lamb; e) as chalk and cheese


1. This hand-to-mouth existence kept him as thin ^. (J. Galsworthy).

2. Dave's voice drew the others . (D. Carter).

3. Your father was as like you are now ^ . (A. Cronin).

4.1 can't believe this is true. It sounds to me. (A. Cronin). 5. And his boss is as crooked ^ . (K. S. Prichard).

a) as two peas in a pod; b) like complete cock-and-bull yarn; c) as dog's hind leg; d) like a magnet; e) as a rail


^. (J.Galsworthy). . (G. Eliot).

1. Your attention is as good for him ^.

2. And all of a sudden he went as dumb 3.1 should stick to it ^ .for my own sake


4. Anyway, he is as blind ^.

5. Curses ^ come home to roost.

a) like a flea to fleece; b) as a bat; c) as a fish; d) like chickens; e) as a shoulder of mutton to a sick horse

Assignment 3. Paraphrase the following cases of simile, indicate positive or negative connotation:

1) like a squirrel in a cage; 2) (as) light as a butterfly; 3) (as) fussy as a hen with one chick; 4) (as) gaunt as a grey-hound/ as bone; 5) (as) gaudy as a peacock; 6) (as) gentle as a lamb; 7) like a boiled rag; 8) like a fighting-cock; 9) like a fish out of water; 10) like a million dollars; 11) (as) firm/ steady as a rock; 12) like swine; 13) (as) clear as mud; 14) (as) black as a thunder cloud; 15) (as) fleet as a deer.

Assignment 4. Out of the following expressions determine those, which represent: 1) oxymoron; 2) antithesis. Point out other stylistic devices:

1. A little body often harbours a great soul. 2. Sprinting towards the levator he felt amazed at his own cowardly courage. 3. Little pigeons can - great messages. 4. To know everything is to know nothing. 5. The play s awfully funny. 6. She pleased his eyes and plagued his heart. 7. The Measures of the mighty are the tears of the poor. 8. A friend to all is a friend to none. 9. A joke never gains an enemy but often loses a friend. 10. The aaraae was full of nothing. 11. The furthest way about is the nearest way home- 12. False friends are worse than open enemies. 13. He is so full of himself that he is quite empty. 14. There's a change coming, Erik. Any blind man can see that. 15. Old Jolyon seemed master of perennial youth. 16. The fool does think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool. 17. Good words cost nothing and are worth much. 18. Better a lean peace than a fat victory. 19. Cheapest is the dearest. 20. Better a glorious death than a shameful life. 21. The newly planted trees wouldn't stand the gentle violence of the wind. 22. The speaking silence grew oppressive. 23. The picture was horribly beautiful. 24. Don't use big words. They mean so little.

Assignment 5. Choose from the a-e list the appropriate for pun words, missing in the sentences. Point out the key words of pun:

1."Are the tires on the car ..?" - "No, two of them are left."

2. "Son, are you pursuing your studies faithfully?" - "Yes, indeed, father.

I'm always _"

3. "If you were in Africa and saw a lion coming, what steps would you

take?" - W

4. "Is it a board school you go to, my dear?" - "No, sir. I believe it is ..."

5. "Papa, what kind of a robber is ...?" - "A what?" - "It says here that two pages held up the bride's train."

a) brick; b) behind; c) a page; d) the longest; e) all right

Assignment 6. Suggest the missing parts of the humorous replies based on pun of the meanings of the underlined words:

1."Hasn't Harvey ever married?" - "... , because he's studying for a

bachelor's degree."

2. "Did you have any luck, hunting tigers in India?" - "... Didn't come

across a single tiger."

3. "What, your son is an undertaker? I thought you said he was a doc
tor?" - "Ncx I said he followed ..."


4. "What is the meaning of the word 'matrimony'?" - "Father says it it's a sentence."

5. "What model is his car?" -"...; it's a horrible example."

Assignment 7. Distinguish between: I) irony; 2) zeugma; 3) pUn Point out other stylistic devices:

1.For my own part, I swim like a stone. 2. Joe's been putting two and two together to make a million. 3. Bookcases covering one wall boasted a half-shelf of literature. 4. "Lord Henry, I am not at all surprised that the world says that you are extremely wicked." - "But what world says that?" asked Lord Henry, elevating his eyebrows. "It can only be the next world. This world and I are on excellent terms." 5. Last time it was a nice, simple, European-style war. 6. Your project is just fit for the wastepaper basket. 7. He is really now a gentleman of the three outs: out of pocket, out of elbow, out of credit. 8. Yes, he is my blood cousin, seven times removed. 9. Telling of a member expelled from her club, a woman said: "They dismembered her." 10. "Unmaried?" - "Twice." 11. The quickest way to break a bad habit is to drop it. 12. The man who is always asking for a loan is always left alone. 13. Father to daughter's suitor: "My daughter says you have that certain something, but I wish you had something certain!" 14. (She, tearfully) -"You said if I'd marry you you'd be humbly grateful." - (He, sourly) - "Well, what of it?" - (She) - "You're not; you're grumbly hateful." 15. (an epitaph on Sir John Strange) Here lies an honest lawyer, and that is Strange.

Supplement Assignment. Analyse the following figures of substitution and combination:

1. The whole lobby was empty. It smelled like fifty million dead cigars. 2. Somebody knocked on the door, and when I went to open it, I fell over my suitcase. I always pick a gorgeous time to fall over a suitcase or something. 3.1 dropped about a thousand hints but I couldn't get rid of him. 4. He was two years younger than I was, but he was about fifty times as intelligent. He was terrifically intelligent. 5. They both laughed like hyenas at stuff that wasn't even funny. 6. He didn't have too bad a sense of humor. 7. At , you either froze to death or died of the heat. 8. He's not too bad. 9. There were about three inches of snow on the ground, and it was still coming down Like a madman. 10. In New York, boy, money really talks - I'm not kidding. 11. The one ugly one, Laverne, wasn't too bad a dancer, but the other one, old Marty, was murder. Old Marty was like dragging the Statue of Liberty around the

floor. 12. Four times she asked me that - she was certainly witty. 13. It was that kind of a crazy afternoon, terrifically cold... (J. D. Salinger). 14. He caught a ride home to the crowded loneliness of the barracks. (J. Jones). 15. He smiled back, breathing a memory of gin at me. (W. S. Gilbert). 16. He is a proud, haughty, consequential, turned-nosed peacock. (Ch. Dickens). 17. Now let me introduce you - that's Mr What's-his-name, you remember him, don't you ? And over there in the corner, that's the Major, and there's Mr What-d'you-call-him, and that's an American. (E. Waugh). 18. After a while and a cake he crept nervously to the door of the parlour. (A. Tolkien). 19. "Someone at the door," he said, blinking. - "Some four, I should say by the sound," said Fili. (A. Tolkien). 20. Like a well, like a vault, like a tomb, the prison had no knowledge of the brightness outside. (Ch. Dickens). 21. We danced on the handkerchief-big space between the speak-easy tables. (R. P. Warren). 22. Liza Hamilton was a very different kettle of Irish. Her head was small and round and it held small and round convictions. (J. Steinbeck). 23. There are three doctors in an illness like yours. I don't mean only myself, my partner and the radiologist who does your X-rays, the three I'm referring to are Dr Rest, Dr Diet and Dr Fresh Air. (D Cusack). 24. Little Jon was born with a silver spoon in his mouth which was rather curly and large. (J. Galsworthy). 25. Huck Finn and Holden Caulfield are Good Bad Boys of American literature. (H. G. Vallins). 26. He smelled the ever-beautiful smell of coffee imprisoned in the can. (J. Steinbeck). 27. Her painful shoes slipped off. (J. Updike). 28. We sat down at the table. The jaws got to work around the table. (R. P. Warren). 29. He had all the confidence in the world, and not without reason. (J. O'Hara). 30.1 took my obedient feet away from him. (W. S. Gilbert). 31. Most women up London nowadays seem to furnish their rooms with nothing but orchids, foreigners and French novels. (O. Wilde). 32. I felt I wouldn't say "no" to a cup of tea. (K. Mansfield). 33. Better beans and bacon in peace than cakes and ale in fear. (Aesop). 34. A most intense young man, A soulful-eyed young man. An ultra-poetical, super-aes-thetical, Out-of-the-way young man! (Gilbert). 35. When every one is somebody, Then no one's anybody. (Gilbert). 36. The black flower of civilized society, a prison. (N. Hawthorne). 37.1 like work; it fascinates me. I can sit and look at it for hours. I love to keep it by me: the idea of getting rid of it nearly breaks my heart. (J. K. Jerome). 38. A fly sat on the chariot wheel and said, "What a dust I raise." (J. La Fontaine). 39. Please return this book; I find that though many of my friends are poor arithmeticians, they are nearly all good bookkeepers. (W. Scott). 40. Cauliflower is nothing but cabbage with a college education. (Mark Twain).


Seminars No 9,10

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