Task 26. Make up a plan of the text HEAD-HUNTING in writing.

Task 27. Write about the difference between recruitment and head-hunting in 5-7 sentences.

Task 28. Reduce Text 1 to 150 words in writing, saving the main ideas of it.

Task 29. Skim the text JOB HUNTING to subtitle each paragraph of it.

Task 30. Scan the text to find word combinations with the word job. Translate the sentences containing them.

Task 31. Scan the text to find the English equivalents to the following word combinations: , , , , .

Task 32. Read the text to answer the following questions. Translate your answers into Ukrainian.

What is the aim of job hunting?

What are the common methods of job hunting?

What is the next step after finding a position you would like to work at?

What are the main requirements to the resume?

When does the turn of the interview come?

What is the difference between job hunting nowadays and the one in the past?


Job hunting is the act of looking for employment. It is also known as job seeking. The immediate goal of job seeking is usually to obtain a job interview with an employer which may lead to getting hired. The job hunter or seeker typically first looks for job vacancies or employment opportunities. Depending on the branch different methods of advertising and finding may be used. Traditional jobs such as mechanics or craftsman developed different ways than for example the IT branch. Common methods of job hunting are: using a job search engine (a website which facilitates job hunting); looking through the classifieds, i.e. classified advertisements, in newspapers; using an employment agency or recruiter; finding a job through a friend. Even if your friends have no influential connections or cant assist you in employment at the present moment, let them know that you are seeking a new job. A worthy position may turn up in a weeks time. And during this week you are to conquer the net, newspapers and recruiting agencies.

After finding a desirable job, one should then apply for the job by responding to the advertisement. This may mean e-mailing or mailing in a hard copy of your résumé to a prospective employer or to a job consultant agency. Different employers have different ways and means of the application form.

One can also go and hand out résumé or Curriculum Vitae to prospective employers. Another recommended method of job hunting is to use the so called cold-calling to companies that one desires to work for and inquire whether there is any job vacancy.

There is no one correct way to write a résumé but it is generally recommended that it be brief, organised and concise. With certain occupations, such as for example graphic design portfolios of a job seeker's previous work are essential and are evaluated as much, if not more than the person's résumé.

Once an employer has received your and other résumés, they will make a short list of potential employees to be interviewed based on the résumé and any other information contributed. During the interview process, interviewers generally look for people who they believe will be best for the job and work environment. The interview may occur in several rounds until the interviewer is satisfied and offers the job to the applicant of their choice.

Nowadays job hunting includes applying to companies outside the home town and sometimes maybe even outside the country. Flexibility is one of the main criteria for job applicants. Personal skills as well as personal appearance are more important than any time before. In earlier times jobs were static with certain duties and responsibilities without interconnection to other jobs, departments or companies. Nowadays this interconnection between different fields of work within a company or sometimes between different companies in different countries result in increasing requirements to every employee which are usually tested during the process of the job interviews and the noviciate.

The time factor is also very important. Nowadays it is important to apply to the right job with the right application and at the right time as job applications analysis is a hard work for the companies. They have to review, sort out, invite, make arrangements upon and for a job applicant and his/her interview. Saving their time and respectively their money may be the first step into a successful job application.


Task 33. Translate the sentences into English:

1. . 2. , , . 3. , . 4. . 5. , , . 6. , , , . 7. . 8. , . 9. , . 10. . 11. ' . 12. ϳ , , . 13. , , , . 14. . 15. , , , , .

Task 34. Think over and then write for half an hour on one of the following issues:

A.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: the fact that a manager is headhunted is the evidence of his/her high qualification?Support your answer with arguments.

B.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: to be a headhunter contradicts to business ethics?Support your answer with arguments.

C.Do you agree or disagree with the statement: good preparation for a job interview will guarantee an applicant getting the job he/she wants?Support your answer with arguments.


Task 35. Having read the material of the unit, how would you answer the questions:

What does the process of head-hunting imply and would you like to be headhunted? Why (not)?

What traits of character does a head-hunter have to possess, in your opinion?

Which methods of job hunting are the most effective ones, in your opinion? Which of them would you use? Explain your choice.

Task 36. Choose any of the dialogues offered below. Reproduce them with a partner. Change the roles. Single out the major ideas and be ready to report them to the group.

Dialogue 1.

A: After a lot of applications I am a little bit exhausted. There is almost no job advertisement that I didnt answer.
B: Well, what is the result so far? Have you got any answers?
A: Hmm, yes a couple of answers. Basically all were refusals. I had one interview but they gave the job to someone else.
B: Sounds strange. Give me your CV and applications. I want to check them. Maybe you are doing something wrong.
A: What do you mean? I do everything right.
B: Well maybe thats the problem. When you apply for a job you have to sell yourself to the employer. That includes self marketing, for every job.
A: I dont know what you mean.
B: Lets see. (reads through the CV and the different application papers). Oh we should go through this from the very beginning. I dont get it. First of all, never mention anything about payment in your applications. No matter what you mention it will be either too much, then you are too expensive to be interesting or it will be too less, that will make the employer think that your skills are not that good. Either way, you lose.

Dialogue 2.

A: A lot of job ads do include the question of salary.
B: Yeah, but the answer adequate payment is also an answer. And it plays the ball back to the employer.
A: Sounds difficult. Wont he think that I dodge the question?
B: Yes, in any case, this is what he wants you to do. He is the boss, he tells you what your work is worth. It is up to you to accept his offer. And you prove that you can cope with sensitive questions. So the employer can trust you to be able to deal with a customer.

Dialogue 3.

A: As you might have noticed, they ask certain questions over and over again. Every time you give a slightly different answer, but it is always the same question. In the end the employer gets the impression that you dont know what you want.
B: Why do they ask the same question?
A: Its like this. For example they ask, did you have any further trainings in your last jobs? What do you think about voluntary trainings?
B: But those are two different questions.
A: You answer them differently, in general the employer wants you to answer that you love to learn more, that you can make your job better and that you are used to it anyway.
B: I never saw it that way.
A: Yeah, its connected.
B: Thank you, I will take this into account when I apply for the next job.
A: Well, dont go through the advertisements. A technical company in the city will start a new recruitment round next month. If you apply now they wont look for someone else. This is another way of successful job hunting, to know that there is a job vacant, before someone else knows about and can apply.
B: Wow! I should have come to you earlier.
A: Yes, you should have but anyway good luck!

Task 37. Work with a partner and complete the following dialogues. Act them out:

Dialogue 1.

A: Good morning, Mr. Brown! Take a seat, please.
B: Good morning, Sir!
A: Last week we received your resume and though we havent been looking for employees we became very interested in your person.
B: Thank you, I feel really honoured.
A: But would you be so kind as to tell me why you started cold-calling on our company. Are you not satisfied with your present position in the company you are working at now?
B: Well, ....
A: I see. Could you tell me more about your education? I read in your resume that youd had some grants from foreign companies. Please, tell more about them.
B: ...............
A: That sounds really interesting! And I can also see that apart from your everyday job you have time to write of your interests?
B: ...............
A: Do you often go to the conferences to make presentations or do you just send the theses? I ask this question because Im really interested in a person like you, but going to the conferences would mean being absent from work which is not very good for our company.
B: .......
A: OK, I see. Now after talking to you Im even more interested in having someone like you in my company. But before hiring you Id like you to spend about one month of noviciate. Of course if I see that you are as good in practice this period will be shortened. So what do you say?
B: ....................
A: Thank you once again for coming and Im waiting for your answer till next week. Goodbye and have a nice day!
B: Thank you. Ill let you know my decision as soon as possible.

Dialogue 2.

A: Hi! How are you doing? How did you spend your holidays? Are you ready to begin a new academic year at the university?
B: Hi, Andrew! I had really great time during summer holidays, I did my best as those were my last holidays as a student.
A: Oh! Are you the fifth year student already? Time flies by! Have you started to look for a job?
B: Not yet. I dont know how to begin doing this. Can you give me some hints concerning this?
A: Well, actually there is nothing difficult about it. There are few main methods of looking for a job. .
B: Unfortunately I have no influential friends. All my friends are students just like me.
A: ...............
B: What do you mean by conquering the net? Ive heard something about search engine, but I havent the slightest idea how it works.
A: ................
B: What about newspapers? Are there any special newspapers or shall I find information about vacancies in each newspaper?
B: And what happens after Ive found a job Id like to have?
A: .
B: Do you think you could tell me more about writing a resume? I would really appreciate it.
A: Sure! But as it takes some time it will be better if we meet in the evening somewhere or you can come to my place. I have some examples of resume and cover letters at home.
B: That would be really great! Call me when you have time for me.
A: OK. By the way, dont forget to bring some pictures from your holidays, Id like to see them. Bye!
B: See you in the evening.

Task 38. Role plays.

A.Work in pairs. One of you is a manager in a company which deals with executive search, the second student is a senior manager of the profitable company which is interested in becoming a client of the company in order to find new executives. Here are the main ideas of the search company Clients Bill of Rights:

The executive search firm provides you with an accurate and candid assessment of its capabilities to perform your search.

The executive search firm tells you who will conduct the search.

The executive search firm provides a high-level consultative relationship.

The executive search firm holds your information in strict confidentiality.

The executive search firm demonstrates a clear understanding of the position, the company and the objectives of the search.

The executive search firm provides you with regular, detailed status reports on the progress of the search.

The executive search firm presents qualified candidates who fit the position and the culture of your organisation.

The executive search firm helps you negotiate with the final candidate, representing both parties with skill, integrity and a high degree of professionalism.

The executive search firm provides you with a clear understanding of its replacement policy and other unusual situations that may arise during and after the search.

The executive search firm provides you with a reasonable level of follow-through after you have hired the candidate.


As you want to become a client of the company you want to find out more about it, as well as about the Code of Ethics.

The following words and word combinations might be useful for you: professionalism, integrity, competence, objectivity, accuracy, conflicts of interest, confidentiality, loyalty, equal opportunities, public interest.

B.Consider the following items on your own and then discuss your decisions in groups of four or five people:

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